# Earth Science NYS Unit 1 Measurements

### 33 terms by DaRoz

#### Study  only

Flashcards Flashcards

Scatter Scatter

Scatter Scatter

## Create a new folder

### Observations

Using the senses to gather data from the environment

### Tools

May extend the senses

### Qualitative Observation

Properties of an item that are not easily measured

### Qualitative and Quantitative

Two types of observations

### Quantitative

Type of observation where a property can be measured using a tool that extends the senses

### Length

Distance between two points

### Width

Distance between two points

### Height

Distance between two points

### volume

how much space an object takes up

### Regular Solids

Cubes, Rectangular Prisms, Cylinders, Spheres are examples of what kind of geometric shapes

### Formula

The Volume of a Regular Solid can be calculated using a

### Rectangular Solids

The Formula V = L x W x H gives the Volume of

### cylinders

The Formula V = (Pi) x R2 x H gives the Volume of

### water displacement

the volume of an irregular solid is determined using

### Mass

How much matter an object contains

A Balance

Time

### temperature

measured with a thermometer

### Celsius scale

for most measurements, temperatures are measured on the

### Fahrenheit scale

for weather variables, temperatures are recorded on the

### density

describes how much mass is found in an amount of space

### density

constant for substances at given temperatures

FALSE

### heated

in general, density decreases as a substance is

### cooled

in general, density increases as a substance is

TRUE

### increases

if the same amount of mass is compressed (squished) into a smaller space, the density

### decrease

if the pressure of an object, like a gas, decreases, its volume will expand while its mass stays the same, causing the density to

### cooled

*EXCEPTION* = water- density decreases as it is

density

### D = M/V this formula represents

Density = Mass ÷ Volume

Mass or Volume

TRUE

Example: