Honors English III Vocab Semester 1
1.a tomb, grave, or burial place (easter sepulcher), a cavity in a mensa for containing relics of martyrs.
2. a structure or a recess in some old churches in which the Eucharist was deposited on Good Friday and taken out at Easter in commemoration of Christ's entombment and Resurrection.
-verb (used with object)
3.to place in a sepulcher; bury
1. the face or countenance, esp. describing a character
2. Also called anthroposcopy. the art of determining character/ characteristics from the features of the face (body)
3. the outward appearance of anything, offering some insight into its character
|3. venerable||adjective |
1.commanding respect, veneration, reverance because of great age, impressive dignity, high office or noble character
2.a title for someone proclaimed by the Roman Catholic Church to have attained the first degree of sanctity or of an Anglican archdeacon.
3.(of places, buildings, etc.) made holy by religious, historic, or other lofty associations
4.impressive or interesting because of age, antique appearance, etc
|sumptuary|| -adjective |
intended to regulate personal habits on moral or religious grounds.
|evanescent|| -adjective |
1. vanishing; fading away; fleeting.
1.producing an intended effect; adequate.
2. valid or binding, as an agreement or document.
1. insulting display of contempt in words or actions; contemptuous or humiliating treatment.
2. a humiliating insult
|remonstrate|| verb (used with object) |
1. to say or plead in protest, objection, or disapproval.
(used without object)
2. to present reasons in complaint; plead in protest.
1. gross injustice or wickedness.
2. a violation of right or duty; wicked act; sin.
|exhort|| verb (with object)|
1. to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently.
-verb (used without object)
2. to give urgent advice, recommendations, or warnings.
1. marked by or attended with ignominy; discreditable; humiliating
2. bearing or deserving ignominy; contemptible.
1. a temporary stay
-verb (used without object)
2. to stay for a time in a place; live temporarily
capacity for producing a desired result or effect; effectiveness
|retribution|| -noun |
1. requital according to merits or deserts, esp. for evil.
2. something given or inflicted in such requital.
1. gruesome; horrible; revolting
2. glaringly vivid or sensational; shocking
3. terrible in intensity, fierce passion, or unrestraint
4. shining with an unnatural, fiery glow; wildly or garishly red
5. wan, pallid, or ghastly in hue; livid.
1. extremely bad reputation, public reproach, or strong condemnation as the result of a shameful, criminal, or outrageous act
1. to take in and incorporate as one's own; absorb
2. to adapt/adjust/conform with the customs, attitudes, etc., of another group, nation etc
|vivify|| verb (with object)|
1. to give life to; animate; quicken.
2. to enliven; brighten; sharpen.
|progenitor|| noun |
1. a biologically related ancestor
2. a person or thing that first indicates a direction, originates something, or serves as a model; predecessor; precursor
1. a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons.
2. a person who leads an austerely simple life, abstaining from the normal pleasures of life and denying himself or herself material satisfaction.
3. (in the early Christian church) a monk; hermit.
-adjective Also, as⋅cet⋅i⋅cal.
4. pertaining to asceticism.
5. rigorously abstinent, austere, or exceedingly strict or severe in religious exercises or self-mortification.
|commiserate|| -verb (used with object) |
1. to pity/feel sorry for/show sympathy; empathize with
-verb (used without object)
2. to sympathize (usually fol. by with)
|emolument|| -noun |
profit, salary, or fees from office or employment; compensation for services
1. the state of being repugnant.
2. strong distaste, aversion, or objection; antipathy.
3. contradictoriness or inconsistency.
|revile|| verb (with object)|
1. to assail with contemptuous or opprobrious language; address or speak of abusively.
2. to speak abusively
|imbibe|| -verb (used with object) |
1. to drink
2. to absorb or soak up, as water, light, or heat
3. to take or receive into the mind
-verb (used without object)
4. to drink (alcoholic beverages)
|inscrutable|| -adjective |
1.incapable of being investigated, analyzed, or scrutinized; impenetrable.
2.not easily understood; mysterious; unfathomable:
3. physically impenetrable
|caprice|| noun |
1.a sudden, unpredictable change, as of one's mind or the weather.
2.a tendency to change one's mind without apparent or adequate motive; whimsicality; capriciousness
|inexplicable|| -adjective |
incapable of being accounted for or explained.
|anathemas|| -noun, plural -mas. |
1.a person or thing detested or loathed:
2.a person or thing accursed or doomed to damnation or destruction.
3.a formal ecclesiastical curse involving excommunication
|requite|| -verb (used with object)|
1.to make repayment or do in return for something (done or given)
2.to make retaliation for wrongdoings; avenge.
|auspicious|| -adjective |
1.promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable:
2.favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate.
|pestilence|| -noun |
1.a deadly or virulent epidemic disease, like theBUBONIC PLAGUE.
2.something that is considered harmful, destructive, or evil.
|cabalistic||-adjective: mystical, occult|
|mountbank|| -noun |
1.a person who sells quack medicines, attracting and influencing an audience by tricks, storytelling, etc.
2.any charlatan or quack (fraud).
|parable|| -noun |
1.a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson.
2.a statement or comment that conveys a meaning indirectly by the use of comparison, analogy, or the like.
|vilified|| verb (used with object),|
1.to speak ill of; defame; slander
1.inclined to lustfulness; wanton; lewd
2.arousing sexual desire
3.indicating sexual interest or expressive of lust or lewdness
|gules|| -noun |
2.adjective: of the color red
|ostracize|| -verb (used with object)|
1. to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation,etc
2. to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
1. concealing one's identity, as under an assumed name, esp. to avoid notice
1. done with real identity concealed
3. a person who is incognito, or his/her disguise
4. the state of being incognito.
|verification|| -noun |
1. evidence that establishes/confirms the accuracy or truth of something
2. the process of research/ examination, required to establish authenticity or validity
1. a member of the middle class.
2. a person whose political, economic, and social opinions are believed to be determined mainly by concern for property values and conventional respectability.
3. a shopkeeper or merchant.
4. characteristic of the middle class.
5.characterized by materialistic pursuits or concerns.
1. harsh; grating; rasping.
2. easily annoyed; irritable.
|blasé|| adjective |
indifferent to or bored with life; unimpressed, as or as if from an excess of worldly pleasures.
|boisterous|| adjective |
1. rough and noisy; noisily jolly or rowdy; clamorous; unrestrained
2. (of waves, weather, wind, etc.) rough and stormy.
3. Obsolete. rough and massive.
|racket|| noun |
1. a loud, confusing, disturbing noise or clamor; din, uproar
2. social excitement, gaiety, or dissipation.
3. (the rackets) an organized illegal activity, often violent.
4. a dishonest scheme, trick business.
6. Slang for an (easy, profitable) occupation, livelihood, or business.
1. the function or work of a teacher; teaching, education, instruction
|pervert|| -verb (used with object) |
(1. to affect with perversion)
2. to lead astray from the morally right course, or into mental error or false judgment
3. to turn to an improper use.
4. to (deliberately) misconstrue or misinterpret
5. to convert/persuade to a religious belief regarded as false or wrong.
6. a person who practices sexual or religious perversion
1. having a squinting eye.
2.twisted, tilted, or slanted to one side.
foolish; absurd, intoxicated, wrong
|carousel|| -noun |
2. a revolving belt, track or other device on which items are placed for later retrieval
|clavicle|| -noun |
1.a bone of the pectoral arch.
|clavichord|| -noun |
an early keyboard instrument producing a soft sound by means of metal blades attached to the inner ends of the keys gently striking the strings.
|spontaneous|| adjective |
1.from a natural impulse or tendency; without effort or premeditation; unconstrained; unplanned
2.(of a person) given to acting upon sudden impulses.
3.(of natural phenomena) arising from internal forces or causes; self-acting.
|sacrilege|| -noun |
the violation/profanation, or stealing of anything sacred or held sacred.
|mundane|| adjective |
1. pertaining to the world/earth/universe (sometimes as contrasted with heaven); worldly; earthly
2.common; ordinary; unimaginative.
|intrigue||verb (used with object) |
1.to arouse curiosity or interest by fascinating or compelling qualities; captivate
2.to achieve or earn by appealing to someone
3.to draw or capture
4.to plot craftily or underhandedly.
6 deceitful plots or the use of those plots.
8.a secret love affair
9.conflicts forming the plot of a play.
1. relieving of emotional tensions, esp. through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.
|volition|| 1. the act of willing, choosing, or resolving;|
2. a choice or decision made by the will.
3. the power of willing; will.
|tangible|| -adjective |
1.discernible by touch; material
2.real or actual, not imaginary or visionary
|imperative|| 1.absolutely necessary or required; unavoidable|
2. expressing a command
3. a command.
4.an unavoidable obligation or requirement that demands attention; necessity
|infantry|| -noun, plural -tries. |
1. a branch of armed soldiers that fight on foot
1.extreme, excessive patriot; a war monger who favors violent foreign policy
1. of jingoes/jingoism
5.by jingo! Informal: I know you can do it, by jingo!
|eviscerate|| -verb (used with object) |
1.to remove the contents of or remove the entrails from; disembowel
2.to deprive of essential parts
|censure|| -noun |
1.a vehement (sometimes official) expression of disapproval
-verb (used with or w.o object)
3.to harshly criticize or reproach, or to give criticism
|acquiescence|| -noun |
1.agreement or consent by silence or without objection; compliance (to or in)
|platitude|| -noun |
1.a flat, dull, or trite remark, uttered as if it were fresh or profound.
2.the state of being flat, dull, or trite
|pious|| -adjective |
1. having high (sometimes hypocritical) reverence for God/virtue/authority or an earnest wish to fulfill religious obligations.
2. falsely earnest, devout or sincere
3. pertaining to religious devotion; sacred
|reticent|| -adjective |
1.disposed to be silent or hesitant to speak; reserved, reluctant or restrained
|rectitude||1.rightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue, correctness|
|salvage|| noun |
1. the act of saving anything from fire, danger, etc.
2.the property saved
3.to save from shipwreck, fire, etc.
|bedlam|| noun |
1. wild uproar and confusion.
2.an insane asylum or madhouse.
1.the trunk of an elephant, or any long snout or nose
(can be insulting)
|platoon|| -noun |
1.a military unit consisting of two or more squads/sections and a headquarters
2.a small unit of a police force.
3.a company or group of persons
|adrenaline|| -noun |
1.hormone secreted upon stimulation by the central nervous system in response to stress, anger or fear, and acting to increase heart rate, blood pressure etc.
|translucent|| -adjective |
1.permitting light to pass through but not so much that you can see completely through
2. easily understandable
|odiousness||deserving or causing hatred; hateful; detestable|
|maxim||a general truth or rule of conduct; a short saying|
|palindrome||a word or phrase that reads the same backward as forward|
|chattel||an item of personal, movable property; slave|
|exculpate||to free from guilt or blame, vindicate|
|stratagems||a plan, scheme, or trick for surprising or deceiving an enemy|
|napalm||a jellied gasoline used for bombs|
|apocalypse||a prophetic revelation, especially one concerning the end of the world, when good triumphs over evil|
|rosette||an ornament or pattern resembling a rose that is sometimes worn as a badge of office or as recognition of having won an honor|
|chandelier||a branched, decorative, sometimes ornate, light fixture suspended from a ceiling|
|inherited||received something by succession or will as an heir|
|raggedy||torn and in bad condition|
|lopsided||heavier or larger on one side than the other; uneven|
|cumulus||a heap, or Puffy, white clouds that tend to have flat bottoms|
|salamander|| any of various typically terrestrial amphibians that resemble lizards and that return to water only to breed|
2. mythical creature that lives in fire
3. metal plate heated to glaze baked good
4. oven heated by gas
|Spartan||of sparta, or sternly disciplined and simple, brave, austere|
|anemic||lacking vitality; listless and weak (due to low red blood cell count)|
|naphtha||n. A light, colorless, volatile, inflammable oil used as a solvent, or fuel|
|crumple||become wrinkled or crumpled or creased|
|babushka||a head scarf shaped like a triangle, russian grandmother|
|fuchsia||a dark purple-red or plants of the primrose family|
|twangy||(adj.) having a sharp vibrating sound; a nasally voice quality|