Sociology Exam 1

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Sociological Imagination

The concept used to describe opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context

Social Location

When sociologists group people into categories based on their age, gender, educational level, job and income, they are trying to determine their...

One's Society and Social Location

Sociologists emphasize the most as being the determining motivation for our thinking and behavior

C. Wright Mills

The sociologist responsible for suggesting the connection between history and biography to explain the sociological imagination

August Comte

The first person to propose that the scientific method could be applied to the study of social life

Explain Why Something Happens

The first goal of each scientific discipline is to...

Social Darwinism

The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order

Protestant Ethic

Weber referred to the self-denying approach to life characterized by people living frugal lives and...

The Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat

The titles Karl Marx used to describe the two classes in society

To grasp by insight

Max Weber used the term verstehen to mean...

Social Facts

Durkheim referred to patterns of behavior that characterized a social group as...

Symbolic Interactionists

Sociologists who analyze how behavior depends on the ways that people define themselves and others are most likely...

Functional theorist; Conflict theorist

Mark views society as a system of interrelated parts, while John views society as composed of groups competing for scarce resources. Mark would be considered a ____ and John would be seen as a ____.

The Male/Female power relationship

Conflict theorists would contend that changes in _____ explain the high divorce rates in the United States.

Conflict Theorists and Structional Functionalists

Which group of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?

No one correct theory

Which sociological perspectives are best to use in developing an accurate understanding of society?

Latent Function

College provides a haven for several million potential workers who are classified as students rather than "unemployed" which helps stabilize the job market. This situation represents what Merton would describe as a...

Globalization

People all over the world, especially college students are breaking down national boundaries because of advances in communication, trade and travel. This is referred to as...

Doctor and Patient Relationship

Qualifies as research on the micro level

Define the Problem

In the research model, the step in which the author of the research specifies what he or she wants to learn about the topic of study is called...

Surveys

The research method that involves a collection of data by having people answer a series of questions

Reliability

The term ____ refers to the extent to which different studies come up with similar results.

Quantitative

Using police records, crime reports and economic reports, Max will test his hypothesis that unemployed men are more likely to commit spousal abuse than men who are employed. He will most likely use a form of ____ analysis to test his hypothesis.

Representativeness

In research, to generalize one's findings to a total population, what is the most important quality the sample must possess?

Researchers lose control over the conditions in which they are administered.

What is the greatest flaw in using self-administered questionnaires for a research study.

Generalizability

What is the major problem using participant observation as a research tool?

Open Ended Question

While conducting research on domestic abuse, Tanya asked workers at a battered women's shelter, "What do you think causes some men to abuse their wives?" and then permitted them to elaborate on their answers. What is the term used to describe such a question with this type of answering question?

Unobtrusive Measure

Steve and Naomi are counting the empty whiskey bottles in trash cans to measure the level of whiskey consumption in town. These researchers are using a method of research referred to as...

Qualitative Research Method

Matthew is completing his master's thesis which addresses the culture of outlaw motorcycle gangs. For the past six months, he has been riding with such a gang, observing and describing their behavior in an attempt to present a view of these gangs from the gang members' perspective. Matthew is employing which research method?

Openness, honesty and truthfulness

What are three qualities on which research is based?

He did not identify himself as a researcher.

Why did a number of sociologists think Laud Humphreys' research on tearooms was unethical?

Culture

Language, beliefs, values, norms, behavior, material objects and technology passed from one generation to the next by members of society describe...

Material Culture

Jewelry, art, hairstyles and clothing each represent examples of...

Cultural Relativism

Comparing the refusal of Christians to accept Islam as a valid religion is to ethnocentrism as making a sincere effort to understand the practice of having multiple wives in some societies is to...

Expectations or rules for behavior that develop out of values

Sociologists use the concept "norms" to describe...

Subculture

When a group has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time their values and norms reflect the dominant culture of their society, the group would be considered a...

Chicago Cubs Fans

An example of what would NOT be counterculture

Achievement and Success

Most American high schools routinely schedule ceremonies to recognize the most talented student athletes and scholars. Such activities illustrate the importance that Americans place on the value of...

Social Environment

In the "Nature vs. Nurture" argument regarding socialization, the "nurture" component refers to...

Intimate Early Social Interaction

Based on studies of isolated and institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human" traits we take for granted?

Cooley

The process by which we develop a sense of self, referred to as the "looking glass self" was developed by...

Imitation, Play and Team Games

George Hebert Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails three stages which are the ____, ____ and ____ stages.

Socialization

What concept do sociologists have in mind when they say "society makes us human"?

Self

Our image of who we are called is the...

Generalized Others

What term would Mead use to refer to the norms, values, attitudes and expectations of the public?

I

Mead describes the active, creative and spontaneous part of the self as the...

Sensorimotor

According to Piaget, the stage of development that is dominated by touching, listening and looking and the inability to recognize cause and effect is the sensorimotor stage.

Reinforces gender roles considered appropriate for one's sex

How does mass media influence gender roles in contemporary American society?

Agents of Socialization

People and groups that influence our orientation to life, our self-concept, emotions, attitudes and behavior are called...

The Life Course

What term applies to the stages people pass through from birth to death, beginning with "childhood" and concluding with "the older years"?

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