Directional Terms and Body Planes

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Directional Terms

Superior

Towards the Head

Inferior

Lower or Below

Anterior

Front of In Front of

Posterior

Behind or Back of

Medial

Towards the Midline

Lateral

Away from the Midline

Proximal

Towards of Nearest to Trunk of Body

Distal

Away from Trunk of Body

Superficial

Nearer the Surface

Deep

Farther away from the Body Surface

What are the 3 Main Body Planes

Sagittal, Coronal (Frontal), and Transverse (Horizontal)

Sagittal Plane

Lengthwise plane running front front to back, separating the body into equal left and right (midsaggital) or into left and right (sagittal)

Coronal (Frontal) Plane

Lengthwise plane running from side to side, separating the body from anterior to posterior

Transverse (Horizontal) Plane

Crosswise plane, separating the upper and lower parts of the body

Flickr Creative Commons Images

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