AP US History Chapter 5

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Population boom

What influenced the shift of balance of power between the colonies and Britain?

Melting Pot

Colonial America was a ________ ______ due to Germans, Dutch, Scots-Irish, English, African, Welsh, etc.

Paxton Boys

A mob of Pennsylvania Scots-Irish Immigrants who led a revolt to protest colonial policies towards Native Americans

Regulator Movement

It was a movement during the 1760's by western North Carolinians, mainly Scots-Irish, that resented the way that the Eastern part of the state dominated political affairs. They believed that the tax money was being unevenly distributed. Many of its members joined the American Revolutionists.

War

What created a class of widows and orphans who became dependent on charity?

P

What red letter were Boston homeless compelled to wear on their clothing?

Lack of Land

Why were farmers becoming limited?

No land for farming, war, etc.

What led people into becoming homeless in New England?

Rich

In the south, the people with a lot of slaves were usually:

Indentured servants and convicts

What were the lower classes consisting of?

Blacks

Who were the least fortunate class of people?

Christian ministry

What was the most honored profession?

Physicians

What profession was poorly trained and not highly esteemed?

Smallpox

What was a dreadful epidemic in the 1700's?

Powdered dried toad

What was a prescription for smallpox?

Diphtheria

What was a deadly killer to young people, especially in the 1730's?

Lawyer

What was not a favorable profession in the 1700's?

Agriculture

What was the leading industry in America?

Wheat Cultivation

What was the staple crop in the Chesapeake?

Bread Colonies

What were the middle colonies known as due to it's industry?

Fishing and Whaling

What rewarding industry happened in all the American Colonies and stimulated shipbuilding?

Triangular Trade

A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa

Beaver hats, Iron forges, Spinning, Weaving, and crafts people (Carpenters), Lumbering

What were manufacturing jobs in America?

Lumbering

What was the most important manufacturing activity?

Colonial Naval Stores

What were highly valued for it's tar, pitch, rosins, and turpentine for England's Navy?

Molasses Act

A British law passed in 1773 to change a trade pattern in the American colonies by taxing molasses imported into colonies not ruled by Britain. Americans responded to this attempt to damage their international trade by bribing and smuggling. Their protest of this and other laws led to revolution.

Roads

What were dangerous, treacherous ways of transportation in the early colonial age?

Roads and rivers

What were means of transportation?

Taverns

places where people could be amused on stops by main routes or cities. People liked to play pool, bowl, gamble, and gossip here.

Postal System

What was established in the mid-1700's that allowed people to communicate, although slow, infrequent, and not very good on secercy.

Arminianism

16th century theology (named after its founder Jacobus Arminius) that opposes the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin and holds that human free will is compatible with God's sovereignity

Great Awakening

It was a revival of religious importance in the 17th century. It undermined older clergy, created schisms, increased compositeness of churches, and encouraged missionary work, led to the founding new schools. It was first spontaneous movement of the American people (broke sectional boundaries and denominational lines).

Johnathan Edwards

An American theologian and congregational clergyman whose sermons stirred the religious revival (Great Awakening); known for sinners in the hands of an angry god sermon.

George Whitefield

One of the preachers of the great awakening (key figure of "New Light"); known for his talented voice inflection and ability to bring many a person to their knees.

Old Lights

Orthodox clergymen who were deeply skeptical of the emotionalism and the antics of the Great Awakening.

New Lights

Revivalist ministers who emphasized emotive spirituality and encouraged missionary work among the natives, as well as founding many long-standing educational institutes, such as Princeton, Brown, and Dartmouth.

Boys

Education was mainly for _______. And was reserved for leaders, not citizens.

Latin and Greek languages, focused on doctrine and dogma, and discipline was severe (Birched)

Why were the general atmosphere for colonial schools and colleges grim and gloomy?

Ministry

College education was at first geared toward preparing men for:

John Trumball

an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings including his Declaration of Independence, which appears on the reverse of the $2 dollar bill.

Charles Willson Peale

best know for his portraits of George Washington, also ran a museum, stuffed birds, and practiced dentistry in addition to his art.

Architecture

What was a largely imported from the Old World which greatly helped Americans. (ex. Log cabin)

Phillis Wheatley

American poet (born in Africa) who was the first recognized Black writer in America (1753-1784)

Poor Richard's Almanack

Benjamin Franklin's publication which emphasized industry, morality and common sense which was more widely read than any other book in the colonies except the Bible (Honesty is the best policy)

Sciences

What was slowing rising and making some progress in the New World? (Botany, mathematicians, and astronomers)(EX. Ben Franklin and electricity)

Newspapers

What proved to be a powerful agency for airing colonial grievances and rallying opposition to British Control that was created by Benjamin Franklin in the 1770's?

Zenger Trial

This 1735 trial of a New York newspaper editor for criticising a British-appointed governor. It resulted in a not guilty verdict, since the articles were based on fact, not slander. This acquittal was the first important victory for freedom of the press in the colonies. Andrew Hamilton, a well-known Philadelphia lawyer, represented the defendant at no charge.This helped result in freedom of the press.

Political Science

Although American colonists weren't advanced in physical sciences, they were making contributions to:

Royal Colonies

Colonies controlled by the British king through governors appointed by him and through the king's veto power over colonial laws.

Proprietary Colonies

Colonies in which the proprietors (who had obtained their patents from the king) named the governors, subject to the king's approval.

No (but more democratic than England)

Was America a true democracy in 1775?

Basic Comforts (Heat, light, running water, etc.)

What was lacking in the colonies, which is now taken for granted?

Lotteries, winter sports, cockfighting, horse racing, hunting, flirting, pool, etc.

What amusement was their in the colonies?

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