the team that argues that a change should be made in the present system or status quo
a regulated discussion of a proposition by two matched sides
information used to form the basis of an argument; this evidence comes from respected sources that support the argument they are making (books, newsletter,s newspapers, magazines, news releases, journals, and interviews.)
explanations on why a particular argument makes sense; sometimes can best be explained with common sense, or commonly known facts
the team that defends the present system. It argues that although the present system may have a few minor problems, they are problems that can be solved without a major change (a new law, regulation, or rule)
includes the current laws, regulations, and rules that govern how people live.
arguments for or against the proposition: logical reasoning, evidence, or a combination of teh two.
an agreed-upon topic of discussion; a statement that is open to interpretation, about which reasonable people may accept arguments on either side
synonymous to present system
the position on the proposition developed by the affirmative throughout the debate
a negative side effect from an affirmative plan
an undesirable effect caused by the present system
justification for change
the evaluator of a debate and decides who wins and who loses.
a general issue that causes concern to a community or group of people, such the global environment, poverty, national defense, or medical care.
the negative team's response to the affirmative by attacking and destroying the affirmative's arguments
the person who keeps track of each debater's speaking time and lets the speaker know how much speaking or preparation time has elapsed.