Early River Civilizations

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Unit One World History Essential Curriculum- Essential question "How did the earliest river civilizations begin as farming settlements and evolve into cities?" Declarative statement: "How did the early civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China fit the 5 criteria of a civlization?"

culture

the way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs

civilization

a complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements

city-state

a state consisting of a sovereign city and its dependencies

dynasty

a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock or group

cultural diffusion

process of spreading ideas, languages, and customs from one culture to another

empire

a large political unit or state

river valley civilizations

the first four civilizations in recorded history

barter

a method of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services

artisan

a skilled trades person

ziggurat

a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and presenting the appearance of a series of terraces

cunieform

composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements to form characters for writing

bronze age

the period when the most advanced metalworking in the culture that used bronze

Tigris and Euphrates rivers

main rivers in Ancient Mesopotamia- modern day Iraq

Nile river

a major north-flowing river in North Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world

Indus river

river found in modern day Pakistan, origins of the Harrapan civilization

fertile crescent

an agricultural region extending from the Levant to Iraq

Hammurabi

the sixth king of Babylon from 1792 BC-1750 BC

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