Chapter 7.4 Skeletal System Vocabulary

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35 terms

appendicular skeleton

the bones that form the limbs or extremities of the body

axial skeleton

the bones of the skull, rib cage, and spinal column; the bones that form the trunk of the body

carpals

bone of the wrist

clavicles

collarbone

cranium

part of the skull; the eight bones of the head that enclose the brain

diaphysis

profuse or excessive perspiration, or sweating

endosteum

membrane lining the medullary canal of a bone

epiphysisthe

end or head at the extremity of a long bone

femur

thigh bone of the leg; the longest and strongest bone in the body

fibula

outer and smaller bone of the lower leg

fontanels

area between the cranial bones where the bones have not fused together; "soft spots" in the skull of an infant

foramina

a passage or opening; a hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass

humerus

long bone of the upper arm

joints

an articulation, or area where two bones meet or join

ligaments

fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone

medullary canal

inner, or central, poertiono of a long bone

metacarpals

bone of the hand between the wrist and each finger

metatarsals

bone of the foot between the instep and each toe

os coxae

the hipbone; formed by the union of the ilium, ischium, and pubis

patella

the kneecap

periosteum

fibrous membrane that covers the bones except at joint areas

phalanges

bones of the fingers and toes

radius

long bone of the forearm, between the wrist and elbow

red marrow

soft tissue in the epiphyses of long bones

ribs

also called costae; 12 pairs of narrow, curved bones that surround the thoracic cavity

scalpula

shoulder blade or bone

sinuses

cavity or air space in a bone

skeletal system

made of organs called bones

sternum

breastbone

sutures

surgical stitch used to join the diges of an incision or wound; also, an area where bones join or fuse together

tarsals

oneof seven bones that forms the instep of the foot

tibia

inner and larger bone of the lower leg, between the knee and ankle

ulna

long bone in the forearm, between the wrist and elbow

vertebrae

bones of the spinal column

yellow marrow

soft tissue in the diaphyses of long bones

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