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character

main person in a literary piece, sometimes a place or thing.

characterization

The author's writing process that makes the characters come alive.

indirect characterization

The reader learns about the character through other means: dialogue, actions, private thoughts, thoughts of others, and description.

direct characterization

The author tells reader directly about the character. Ex. Equality was six feet tall.

literal language

Dictionary meaning of a word.
Ex. He's cool. - Meaning his fever broke and he is no longer hot.

figurative language

The meaning of a word is other than the dictionary meaning. Ex. He's cool. - Meaning he's stylish.

metaphor

Comparing two things without using like, as, than. Ex. My love is a red, red rose.

simile

Comparing two things and USING like, as, than. Ex. My love is LIKE a red rose.

irony

Words or a situation that expresses something other than what it is.
Ex. The arrest seemed easy for the police, but the robber's cell phone dialed 911 when it pressed against the jewelry counter.

parable

Short, fictitious story that illustrates a moral or religious point.

sensory imagery

Words/description that paint a visual picture and appeal to the senses.

style

A distinctive type of writing.
Ex. - Narrative, persuasive, etc.

symbolism

When one thing in the story stands for another.
Ex. - A red rose symbolizes love.

tone or voice

The attitude of the writer that the reader detects in the story.

parallelism

Two stories, behaviors, or events which are alike in many ways, but never overlap.

protagonist

Main character

antagonist

The character who creates the conflict and keeps the protagonist in turmoil.

round character

The reader knows many details about this character's personality and traits.

flat character

A character about which little to no info is provided.

static character (often acts as foil)

This character does not change/grow in the story. His purpose often is to create tension and suspense, a foil.

inference

An educated guess given what's known.

short story

A short narrative with few characters and plot conflicts.

annotate

To mark a story/writing in the margins in order to identify, comment on, or remember a specific point for quick reference.

dynamic character

This type of character is the most developed and described.

satire

Type of writing that makes fun of something in order to make the opposite point, exposing a weakness or wrong. Sometimes the writing is serious on the surface, sometimes funny.

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