Political extremes to the right or left.
Countries with a high standard of living and strong economies
Pride in one's people, and the belief that they have their own unique political destiny.
the relationship between political and economic systems.
Authoritarian regimes, such as Hitler's and Mussolini's; Totalitarian attempts to impose state control on all aspects of life.
single member districts
Winner-take-all; Whoever wins the most votes gets the one seat available in an election.
Votes for parties, rather than candidates, Parties are represented in the legislature according to the percentage of votes received.
The process of expanding and intensifying the interconnectedness among states, societies, and economies.
Countries attempting to improve their economic status. Currently with low average income and less sophisticated infrastructure. Might be described as the "third world."
human development index
A measure of a country's standard of living, including health and education.
The poorest countries. The bottom 12. Might be described as the "fourth world."
A formula that measures economic inequality within a country.
The buying power of income in a country.
Reforms that focus on the free market with few restrictions on business and property rights.
The total value of goods and services produced in a country.
When a change in one variable causes a change in another variable.
Generally accepted view that a government has the right to rule.
An apparent connection between variables.
The right to rule because "it has always been that way."
The overthrow and replacement of a regime based upon broad popular support.
The right to rule based on the personality of an individual.
The ability to carry out actions independent of internal or external forces.
The right to rule based on a widely accepted system of laws and procedures.
Granting special favors in exchange for a benefit. "Buying off" critics.
A system of government that allows citizens to choose policy makers in free, competitive elections.
When groups, such as business and/or labor, work closely with the government in policy-making.
A system with political competition, economic freedom, civil rights and liberties, and open access to information.
A system of government based on coercion.
A procedural democracy, with elections, but without real competition, and lacking some civil rights and liberties.
The theory that in a struggle over resources, the elite will dominate. Eventually the proletariat will create a classless state.
A system with competitive elections and civil rights, coupled with an emphasis on economic equality.
The state, government, regime, and people who live in a political system.
The history, values, beliefs, and traditions that influence political behavior.
A complex human organization with shared institutions.
Who gets what. The process through which people are governed.
The executive, legislature, judiciary, and bureaucracy.
The fundamental norms and rules established by administrations over time.
Those who want to restore political, social, and economic institutions that existed in the past.
A form of government where religion and politics are intertwined.
An attitude favoring evolutionary transformation of the system.
A set of political beliefs and values about the goals of government.
Views about the policy-making, the government's role, the pace of change, and freedom and equality.
An ideology favoring little government interference in the economy and personal freedoms.
An ideology that questions whether change is necessary.
A group of people with a psychological sense of identity based upon cultural, geographic, or linguistic ties.
A question that asks, "What should be the case?"
Institutions, people, and groups that have the power to effect change, including a monopoly of force.
A question that has a factual, scientific, or mathematical, verifiable answer.
Factors that separate groups.
A division that include people with differences, strengthening society.
A division that strengthens feelings of difference and discrepancy, weakening society.