Wheelock's Latin 'Chapter 2' Vocabulary Principal Parts

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hapter 1 Vocabulary Principal Parts: To get to the 'Stem' just take the 2nd Principal Part and 'Drop the Ending.' The Singular Imperative is Identical to the Present Stem, and the Plural Imperative is formed by adding 'te' to that stem: 2nd Person Singular: Lauda, praise! mone, advise! 2nd Person Plural: Laudate, praise! monete, advise!

fama

famae,(f) = rumor, report; fame, reputation(famous, defame, infamy. eng.)

forma

formae,(f) = form, shape; beauty(formal, format, formula, formless, deform, inform, etc.; but not formic, formidable. eng.)

fortuna

fortunae,(f) = fortune, luck(fortunate, misfortune, unfortunate. eng.)

ira

erae,(f) = ire, anger(irate, irascible; but not irritate. eng.)

nauta

nautae,(m) = sailor(nautical, nautilus, argonaut. eng.)

patria

patriae,(f) = fatherland, native land, (one's) country (patriotic, expatriate, repatriate. eng.)

pecunia

pecuniae,(f) = money(pecuniary, impecunious; cf. peculation. eng.)

philosophia

philosophiae,(f) = Greek philosophia, love of wisdom. eng.), philosophy

poena

poenae,(f) = penalty, punishment; poenās dare, idion, to pay the penalty(penal, penalize, penalty, pain, subpoena. eng.)

poeta

poetae,(m) = poet(poetry, poetic. eng.)

porta

portae,(f) = gate, entrance(portal, portico, porch, porthole. eng.)

puella

puellae,(f) = girl

rosa

rosae,(f) = rose(rosary, roseate, rosette. eng.)

sententia

sententiae,(f) = feeling, thought, opinion, vote, sentence(sententious, sentencing. eng.)

vita

vitae,(f) = life; mode of life(vital, vitals, vitality, vitamin, vitalize, devitalize, revtalize. eng.)

antiquus

antiqua, antiquum(adjective) = ancient, old-time(antique, antiquities, antiquated, antiquarian. eng.)

magnus

magna, magnum(adjective) = large, great; important(magnify, magnificent, magnate, magnitude, magnanimous. eng.)

meus

mea, meum(adjective) = my

multus

multa, multum(adjective) = much, many(multitude, multiply, multiple, multi, a prefix as in multimillionaire. eng.)

tuus

tua, tuum(adjective) = your, 'used when speaking to only one person'

et

(conjunction) = and; even; et...et, both...and

sed

(conjunction) = but

Ō

(interjection) = O!, Oh! ' commonly preceding a vocative

sine

(preposition + ablative) = without(sinecure, sans. eng.)

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