survey of music

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ruth thompson

The first violinist in an orchestra is known as the

Concertmaster

The only place to see a live performance of "classical" music is in a major urban center like New York or Los Angeles

false

the following is a term that can be used to label a piece of music that is composed?

Composition and work

At the concert, a program will tell you

The names of the performers and the pieces on the concert

Which of the following is NOT a recommended technique to study music?

a. Putting the music examples on as background for relaxation
i. Other options:
1. Listening to a recording multiple times
2. Seeing a live performance of music

Technology has affected the way people consume music.

true

Understanding a bit about the music before listening to it can help develop a deeper appreciation toward it

true

Performers of "classical" music typically dress in

Black formal wear

In a Western orchestra, which instrument provides the note that the ensemble tunes to?

Oboe

Oftentimes in a concert there is a break where you can move around. This break is called the

Intermission

When is the best time to arrive at a "classical" concert?

At least 20 minutes in advance of the performance

Which of the following is NOT a tradition in live Western "classical" music performances?

a. Audience participation on the stage
i. Right answers
1. Knowing when to clap
2. The dress of the performers

If a performance is well received, an audience can request a (an) ________ by extended applause.

Encore

In a concert in which a symphony is performed the audience is generally expected to clap

Only at the end of the final movement

At a "classical" concert you can come and go at will.

False

Music can be described in the language of words.

True

The interweaving of melody and harmony produces ____________ in music

texture

A single-line texture is known as

Monophony

A texture that combines a melody with an ornamented version of itself is called:

Heterophonic

Monophonic texture is the simplest musical texture.

True

A round is based on the principle of ____________ where each voice enters in succession with the same melody.

Imitation

A texture in which all voices move together in the same rhythm is called:

Homorhythmic

Which of the following textures is based on counterpoint?

Polyphony

One person singing Happy Birthday with simple chords accompanying the melody produces a _________ texture

Homophonic

The best description of melodic idea that is presented in one voice, then restated in another, is

Imitation

A work that is comprised of a strictly imitative musical texture is called a:

Canon

A melody, whether sung or performed on an instrument, is often referred to as a

Voice

The early Christian church had very little power in Europe during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

False

During the Renaissance, lands new to the Europeans were discovered, including

The Amaricas

Our understanding of the musical culture of ancient civilizations is limited by the few fragments of music that have survived

True

The violent series of events that took place as part of an attempt to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims is known as:

The Crusades

The beginning of the Middle Ages is marked by the

The fall of the Roman Empire

One woman composer and author who was active in church society in the Middle Ages was:

Hildegard of Bingen

The Renaissance marks the passing of European society from a predominately secular society to a more sacred one

False

Musical literacy in the cultivated middle and upper classes in Renaissance society is marked by the rise of the musician who plays for the love of music and not professionally, known as a(n) _________ musician

Amateur

The act of supporting an artistic project, either financially, intellectually, or both, is known as:

Patronage

The art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome was of little interest to artists and writers in the Renaissance

False

The main European port for cultural exchange of Eastern luxuries was

Venice

During the Middle Ages all power came from which religious organization?

The Roman Catholic Church

Culture in the Middle Ages was largely shaped by the rise of:

Monasteries

Which secular leader in the Middle Ages promoted a strong, centralized government?

Charlemagne

The surge in rational, scientific problem solving in the Renaissance is called

Humanism

The Middle Ages span nearly one thousand years

True

The most idealized woman in Western culture during the Middle Ages was

The Virgin Mary

Professional women musicians made their mark in society

True

One of the major advancements in the Renaissance was the invention of printing, pioneered by

Johannes Gutenberg

Trade flourished in the later Middle Ages when a merchant class arose outside of feudal society

True

Early notation used neumes, little ascending and descending signs written above the words that suggested the shape of the melodic line.

True

True Statements about Notre Dame School

a. Composers there wrote some of the earliest examples of polyphony, called organum
b. The first book containing compositions by composers of this school is called Magnus liber organi
c. Not True:
i. Perotin and Machaut are 2 of the main composers

The first type of polyphony was Gregorian chant (p80)

False

The chants of the church only used the major and minor scale patterns found in later music (p75,76)

False

The medieval motet usually features multiple texts occurring simultaneously. (p80)

True

Hildegard was known for all the following (p78)

a. Her visions and interpretation of the scriptures
b. Her poetry and music
c. Not for:
i. Her historical writings about the saints

The text Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is from which portion of the Mass? (p.79)

The Proper

The two main services for the Roman Catholic Church are the daily Offices and the Mass. (p76)

True

9. The medieval motet can have a combination of sacred and secular texts (p80

True

Most surviving examples of Gregorian chant are anonymous (p75)

True

A unique feature of Hildegard's chant is her occasional use of an upward leap of a fifth, lending an expansive feel to the music. (p78)

True

Music performed with exchanges between a soloist and chorus is called (p75, 79)

Responsorial Singing

The text of the Kyrie has a: (p77)

Greek text

Hildegard's chant Alleluia, O virga mediatrix was intended for performance on a feast day for the Virgin. (p79)

True

The texts of the Mass service that are specific to a particular feast day are called the Ordinary. (p77)

False

The text setting in Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is mostly syllabic (p79)

True

The Kyrie is not a part of the Mass. (p77)

False

The liturgy refers to the set order of services and structure of each service. (p75)

True

Which voice in the organum carries the original chant in sustained notes? (p80)

The bottom voice

Gregorian chant features regularly phrased melodic lines supported by instrumental accompaniment (p75)

False

One of the earliest examples of secular polyphony comes from: (p83,84)

England

The earliest secular songs that have been preserved are in which language? (p82)

Latin

Which era does Puis qu'en oubli exemplify? (p85)

Ars nova

Which statements are true about medieval instrumentalists? (p 86,87)

a. They were often employed in the performance of vocal music, doubling or accompanying the singers
b. They took part in dance music
c. Not True:
i. They performed only music written specifically for instruments

The recorder, lute, and hammered dulcimer all were categorized into which group in the Middle Ages? (p88)

Devotional Services

The text of Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli tells of: (p85)

Courtly Love

In which poetic form is Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli set? (p85)

Rondeau

The repeated text and music heard three times in Machaut's chanson Puis qu'en oubli is called: (p85)

The refrain

Puis qu'en oubli has no repeated musical sections. (p86)

Flase

Machaut's Puis qu'en oubli is best classified as: (p85)

Secular Music

Instrumental music in the Middle Ages was generally improvised rather than played from notation. (p87)

True

What event inspired Raimbaut to write his famous epic? (p87)

The Crusades

The medieval French chanson can be described as a secular vocal composition set to a courtly love poem. (p85)

True

This texture of Puis qu'en oubli is best described as: (p86)

Polyphonic

The text of Sumer is icumen in celebrates: (p83,84)

Summer

Which composer lived and worked during the Ars nova? (p85)

Guillaume de Machaut

The lower two voices in Sumer is icumen in sing short repeated ideas known as: (p83)

An ostinato

Puis qu'en oubli is in a triple meter with gently syncopated rhythms. (p86)

True

The vocal range in the work Puis qu'en oubli is low, best suited for men's voices (p85)

True

Machaut is best described as: (p85)

A courtier

The poems of the troubadour and trouvère repertory include: (p83)

a. Political and moral songs
b. Love songs centered on the idea of "unrequited love"

To which category of medieval instruments do the sackbut, crumhorn, cornetto, tabor, and nakers belong? (p88)

Poet-musicians

Poet-musicians in Germany in the Middle Ages were known as: (p82, 83)

Minnesingers

The constant imitation from beginning to end in between the voices of Sumer is icumen in is characteristic of its genre, which is : (p83)

A round

Troubadours, medieval poet-musicians from the southern region of France, belonged to (p83)

Mainly the upper classes and the aristocracy

Which of the following is NOT typical of the Renaissance motet? (p89)

Monophonic texture and sung in the vernacular

Guillaume du Fay used L'homme armé as a cantus firmus in one of his masses. (p93)

True

The predominant texture in Josquin's motet Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is: (p91)

a. Imitative polyphony

Du Fay sometimes used a chant or popular song as the basis for his compositions (p92)

True

The following statements are true about Josquin's motet

a. The meter changes within the piece, moving from duple to triple and back to duple
b. The text is a rhymed poem
c. Not:
i. Each voice sings a different text praising the Virgin Mary

The text of Josquin's motet Ave Maria . . . virgo serena, praises the virtues of: (p89-91)

The Virgin Mary

Which is true of cantus-firmus technique in the Renaissance? (p92)

a. Fragments from either sacred or secular music could serve as the fixed melody
b. Renaissance composers employed this procedure to unify their Masses
c. Not:
i. Only Gregorian chant was used as the fixed melody

The Catholic Church's effort in the early sixteenth century to recapture the loyalty of its followers through a return to true Christian piety is known as the: (p93)

Counter- Reformation

In which language is Josquin's motet text written? (p91)

Latin

The text of the Gloria in Palestrina's Pope Marcellus Mass is easily understood, due largely to its syllabic nature and Palestrina's frequent use of homorhythm (p94)

True

During the Renaissance, the Mass was recited and sung in the vernacular (the language of the people) (p92)

False

The Pope Marcellus Mass was written for six voice parts. (p93)

True

Which was a recommendation of the Council of Trent regarding music for the church? (p93)

Make the words more understandable

How does Josquin provide a contrast in the final two lines of the text, "O Mater Dei, memento mei"? (p91)

a. In long note values
b. In a homorhythmic texture

Palestrina's Pope Marcellus Mass was probably intended for a cappella performance (p94)

True

The harmony of Palestrina's Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass is best described as full and consonant (p94)

True

Palestrina's Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass belongs to the Proper, the variable part of the Mass celebration (p94)

False

Which of the following make up the sections of the Mass Ordinary? (p92)

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

Arcadelt's madrigal Il bianco e dolce cigno features the melody mostly in the high voice. (p97)

True

Which instrument heard in Susato's Three Dances is a cross between a woodwind and a brass instrument? (p102)

Cornetto

The madrigal flourished principally in France. (p96, 97)

False

The performance forces for Arcadelt's madrigal requires is a four-voice SATB ensemble. (p97,98)

True

At which point in the text of Fair Phyllis does the work change to an imitative texture? (p100)

"Up and down he wandered"

Arcadelt uses word painting to portray the images in the poetry of this madrigal (p97)

True

Fair Phyllis features repeated sections with repeated text. (100)

a. True

The Susato dances are examples of which kind of instrumental dance? (p101)

Ronde

What meter is heard in Susato's Three Dances? (p101)

Duple

The mood of Farmer's madrigal Fair Phyllis can best be described as: (p99)

Light and pastoral

Farmer's Fair Phyllis is set for _______ voices. (p99)

a. Four

The musical structure of each of Susato's Three Dances can be described as: (p101)

Two sections, each repeated (A-A-B-B)

Arcadelt emphasizes the last line of the poem in the madrigal by not repeating it (p98)

False

Farmer "paints" the first line of the text, "Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone," through (p100)

Monophony

Tielman Susato was well known for his work as: (p101)

A music printer, a composer, and an instrumentalist

The principal genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the motet. (p96)

False

The English madrigal preceded the development of the Italian madrigal by some twenty years (p99)

False

All of the following characterize the Renaissance chanson and the madrigal (p96)

a. They were set to poetry based on courtly or rustic love
b. They were written in the vernacular (language of the people)
c. They often featured expressive devices, such as word-painting, to bring the words and music more closely together
d. Not:
i. They were meant to be sung for religious occasions

Women were barred from secular music making in the Renaissance (p96)

False

Specific instruments to be used were often identified in the musical scores for Renaissance dance music. (p99)

False

Arcadelt lived and worked in all of the following (p97)

a. France and Italy
b. Not: England

All of the following statements about Fair Phyllis are true (p99)

a. The texture alternates often between homorhythm and polyphony
b. The music closing mirrors the action and sentiments of the text
c. Not:
i. The text refers to real historical characters
The recording of Susato's dances features mostly soft (bas) instruments. (p101)

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