history 2

26 terms by joannabeth 

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Tiglathpileser 1

seized babylonia and established the Assyrian Empire around 1100 BC

Nineveh

the Assyrian Empire's great capital that fell in 612 BC

Ashurbanipal

last great monarch that ruled from 668-630 BC

Chaldeans

a semitic people that from Arabia that overthrew the Assyrian Empire around 600BC

Neo-Babylonian Empire

established by Nabopolassar

Cyrus the Great

ruler in Persia

Darius

the persian king who established the first postal service around 500 BC

Zoroastrianism

pagan religion of the persian kings

patriarchs

founding fathers of the nation of Israel

covenant

solemn agreement

ten commandments

decalogue

theocracy

a nation ruled by God

southern kingdom

Judah

northern kingdom

Israel

721bc

when samaria (israel) fell to assyrian invaders

586 bc

when jerusalem (judah) fell to babylonians

hegira

the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era

mecca

the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace

jihads

holy wars

caliphs

Successors to Muhammad as political and religious leaders of the Muslims

koran

holy book of islam

ramadan

(Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan

Henry Martyn

a missionary in Persia who before his death in 1812 left behind him translations of nt in arabic..

Ion-Keith Falconer

the first man in modern times to attempt to reach the muslims of arabia with the gospel of Christ

Samuel Zwemer

established the Arabian Mission and was known as the "apostle to islam"

classical and colloquial

two varieties of the arabic language

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