calculated the circumference of the Earth incorrectly; designed system of longitude and latitude; wrote Guide to Geography; "Father of Geography"
first person to use the word 'geography'; accurately calculated the circumference of the Earth
George Perkins Marsh
wrote Man vs. Nature
supporter of possibilism; believed that people are the main force in determining culture and have the ability to adjust the environment
coined the the term 'atlas'
Large Scale Map
shows a small area with a lot of detail
Small Scale Map
shows a large area with little detail; good for relative locations
1. Distance on map compared to distance on Earth
2. Territorial extent of something; relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole (local, regional, global)
the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method
1:24,000 is an example of a ____________.
Physical and Human
the two branches of geography
Boundaries and Densities, Movement and Transportation, mapping; Alfred Wegener, Claudius Ptolemy
International Trends and Relationships, World regional geography; Carl Sauer
Human Impact on Nature, Natural Hazards, Impact; Carl Ritter (Environmental Determinism)
Focuses on Natural Environment, studying the physical Earth as home to humans; Aristotle
the concept that the physical environment limits human actions, but that people have the ability to adjust the physical environment
According to _________________ ___________________, the physical environment causes social development.
_____ identifies a place by its unique physical characteristics.
____________ identifies a place by its location relative to other objects.
the spread of something over a given area
the science of mapmaking
A _______ map would have the smallest scale.
International Date Line
The ___________________ ________ _______ is located at 180 degrees longitude.
back 24 hours
If a traveler is crossing the IDL from Asia to America, she would have to set her clock _____________________.
forward 24 hours
If a traveler is crossing the IDL from America to Asia, she would have to set her clock _____________________.
types of scales
fraction/ratio, written statement, graphic bar scale
Carl Ritter and Ellen Semple
supporters of environmental determinism
the total number of objects in an area
the number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
when phenomenon are grouped closely together.
when phenomenon are relatively far apart
a map which statistical information is shown in diagrammatic form
a thematic map that uses tones or colors to represent spatial data as average values per unit area
Images of the earth taken from orbiting/artificial satellites. Images can be taken in a variety of forms so as to detect specific information about the earth, vegetation and other types of land cover.
a distribution map showing a spatial pattern by placing dots in a specific area, each dot representing a specific value or quantity of the subject being shown
A thematic map with lines that connect points of equal/identical value.
Division of the earth into 24 equal segments (15o longitude), marking increments of one hour.
a change in the shape, size, or position of a place when it is shown on a map; the stated of being _________, or the relative degree or amount by which something is crooked or deformed
compares a distance on a map with a distance in the real world
the system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map
an imaginary line around the Earth _________ to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
an arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles
Geographic Information System
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and display geographic data
Global Positioning System
a system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and recievers