1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
members of a mid 17th century English political movement, who came to prominence during the English Civil Wars
English Civil War
Conflict from 1640 to 1660; featured religious disputes mixed with constitutional issues concerning the powers of the monarchy; ended with restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following execution of previous king
House of Lords
Upper house of Parliament, for nobles and bishops
frontier wife in MA (1670s); captured by indians and ransomed after 12 weeks
Visible Saints/The elect
A religious belief developed by John Calvin held that a certain number of people were predestined to go to heaven by God. This belief in the elect, or "visible saints," figured a major part in the doctrine of the Puritans who settled in New England during the 1600's.
English Legislative body
Oath of a Freeman 1638
To become a Freeman a person was legally required to be a respectable member of some congregational church. In early colonial America, requirements to vote and hold public office included owning land and being declared "free" from bondage.
To counteract the attraction of Indian life, the leaders of New England encouraged publication of Captivity Narratives, written by captured colonists who expressed their desire to return to a christian society after living with the Indians.,
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
The first successful settlement in the Virginia colony founded in May, 1607. Harsh conditions nearly destroyed the colony but in 1610 supplies arrived with a new wave of settlers. The settlement became part of the Virginia Company of London in 1620. The population remained low due to lack of supplies until agriculture was solidly established. Jamestown grew to be a prosperous shipping port when John Rolfe introduced tobacco as a major export and cash crop.
colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
This guaranteed religious freedom to almost all Protestants in England under the monarchy of William and Mary.
member of the Puritan Church who publicly criticized the teachings of Puritan leaders. She was exiled and moved to Rhode Island.
House of Commons
one of the houses of Parliament including wealthy landowners and rich business leaders that represent the middle class and are elected to office
This document was signed by King John in 1215. It was the first document that limited the power of the government.