Macromolecules. Building blocks of living organisms.
Organic molecules are polymers.
Sub-units that make up polymers
Long molecules built by linking together small molecules called monomers
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Removal of H from one molecule(monomer) and removal of OH from one molecule(monomer).
Joins monomers into polymers.
Breaks down polymers by the addition of a water molecule.
Contain C, H, and O in a 1:2:1 ratio
Simplest form of carbohydrates. Examples include
glucose, fructose galactose.
Two monosaccharides linked together
Glucose + Fructose = Sucrose
Long polymers of monosaccharides.
Glycogen and cellulose are examples of polysaccharides.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. A nucleic acid.
Ribonucleic Acid. A nucleic acid.
DNA and RNA.
Molecules that are insoluble in water. They are hydrophobic, meaning they don't like water.