Be able to recognize: alcohol, phenol, thiol, and ether.
1. Can a hydrogen bond develop between water and any alcohol?
2. What is the difference between intermolecular and intramoleculer?
2. intermolecular: hydrogen bonds are attractive forces b/t two molecules
intramolecular: hydrogen bonds are attractive forces b/t polar groups within the same molecules
1. Alcohols with up to ____ carbons are very soluble in water.
2. What is the definition of hydrophobic and hydrophilic?
2. hydrophobic: water hating
hydrophillic: water loving
1. Nonpolar goes with (hydrophobic, hydrophilic)?
2. As the nonpolar, or hydrophobic, portion of an alcohol (the carbon chain) becomes larger relative to the polar, hydrophilic, region (the hydroxyl group), the water solubility of an alcohol ____?
1. An increase in the number of hydroxyl groups in a molecule (decreases, increases) the water solubility of the molecule.
2. The IUPAC name of an alcohol ends in which two letters?
2. - ol
1. What are the common names of 2-propanol, 1,2 ethanediol, and ethanol?
2. What is another name for methanol?
1. 2, propanol: isopropyl alcohol
1,2, ethanediol: ethylene glycol
ethnaol: ethyl alcohol/grain alcohol
1. Why is it called wood alcohol?
2. Which alcohol is found in alcoholic beverages?
1. because it can be made by heating wood in the absence of air
1. Ethanol found in alcoholic beverages are made by a chemical process called ___?
2. What is the other product made by fermentation?
2. perfumes, pharmaceuticals, flavoring???
1. What are two plants that can be used for fermentation?
2. The plants provide which compound for fermentation?
1. corn and grain
2. (write out compound)
1. What is champagne bubbly?
2. What process is done to increase the amount of ethanol in a water/ethanol mixture?
1. Champagne results when fermentation is carried out in a sealed bottle. Under these conditions, the CO2 produced during fermentation is trapped in the wine.
1. What is done when ethanol is denatured?
2. Why is ethanol denatured?
1. it makes it unfit to drink but suitable for many laboratory applications
2. to prevent illegal use of pure ethanol
1. Mothers who report only social drinking may have children with _____, a less severe form of fetal alcohol syndrome.
2. This milder form is characterized by a reduced ____, some learning ____, and ____ problems
1. fetal alcohol effects
2. birth weight; disabilities; behavioral
1. The mother has ____ to detoxify the alcohol in her blood; the fetus does not.
2. A single night on the town could be enough to cause FAS by blocking ____ during a critical development period.
2. cell division
1. Why is another grocery store name for isopropyl alochol?
2. What is a use for ethylene glycol?
3. How can it not only lower the freezing point, but also, raise to boiling point of water?
1. rubbing alcohol
2. automobile antifreeze
1. What is the only name I use for 1, 2, 3 propanetriol?
2. If hydration of an alkene makes an alcohol, then dehydration of an alcohol makes an?
1. What is written over the arrow to indicate an oxidation reaction?
2. Oxidation involves the gain of ___ and the loss of __.
3. Reduction involves the gain of ___ and the loss of ___.
2. oxygen, hydrogen
3. hydrogen, oxygen
1. Oxidation of any alochol involves the loss of (one, two) atoms of ____.
2. One H comes off the ___ group; one H comes off the C that the ____ group is bonded to.
1. two atoms of hydrogen
2. hydroxyl, hydroxyl?
1. A ___ bond develops between the atoms that lost a hydrogen.
2. If the hydroxyl group is on an end C, an ___ forms.
3. If the hydroxyl group is not on end C,a ___ forms.
Be able to recognize an aldehyde and a ketone.
1. Detoxifcation occurs in the liver. The reactions are catalyzed by ___.
2. Ethanol is oxidized by an enzyme to which compound?
3. Is acetaldehyde good for you?
1. Another enzyme oxidizes acetaldyhyde to what compound?
2. Can the obdy use acetic acid?
3. If ethanol gets completely oxidized, what are the last products?
1. acetic acid
3. CO2 and H2O
1. Oxidation of an aldehyde makes a ___ ____.
2. Oxidation of an aldehyde involves (loss, gain) of (one, two) (hydrogen, oxygen).
1. carbocylic acid
2. gain, one, oxygen
1. The breathalyzer test is based on the (oxidation, reduction of an alochol.
2. The oxidizing agent is ____ which has an ____ color.
3. The alcohol is oxidized and the dichromate ion is ___>
2. dichromatic ion, orange color
1. What color is the reduced Cr?
2. The color of the reduced Cr is (darker, lighter) at higher concentrations of ethanol in a person's breath.