← Chapter 10: Musculoskeletal System Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Bone Organ made up of hard connective tissue with a dense outer layer and spongy inner layer. Bone Marrow Material found in the cavities of bones; red marrow found in flat bones and at the ends of long bones, the location of blood cell formation. Bursa (pl. Bursae) Fluid-filled sac that allows for easy movement of one part of a join over another. Cartilage Firm connective tissue primarily found in joints, where it covers the contacting surfaces of bones. Joint Structure forming the union between bones and often allowing for movement. Ligament Flexible tough bands of fibrous connective tissue that attach one bone to another at a joint. Muscle Tissue composed of specialized cells with the ability to contract to produce movement. Tendon Band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone. Arthr Joint Burs Bursa Carp Carpus (wrist) Chondr Cartilage Cost Rib Crani Cranium (skull) Femor Femur (upper leg bone) Ili Ilium Ischi Ischium Kinesi Movement, motion Kyph Hump (spine) Lord Bent forward (spine) Necr Death Oste Bone Phalang Phalanx (any bone of the fingers or toes) Pub Pubis Rachi Vertebra, spine, vertebral column Scoli Crooked, curved (spine) Spondyl Vertebra, spine, vertebral column Stern Tendon Tendin Tendon Troph Development Vertebr Vertebra, spine Inter- Between -Asthenia Weakness -Desis Surgical fusion (to immobilize) -Malacia Softening -Schisis Split, fissure Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) Common nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve. Symptoms include pain, tingling, and numbness in portions of the hand and fingers. Fracture (Fx) Broken bone. Gout Disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, especially that of the great toe, producing arthritis. Herniated Disk Rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage allowing the contents to protrude and put pressure on the spinal nerve roots. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by placing the patient in a strong magnetic field. Muscular Dystrophy (MD) Group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle and weakness. Nuclear Medicine (NM) Diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by using radioactive material (Nuclear medicine is also used to treat various medical conditions.). Orthopedics (ortho) The study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedist Physician who specializes in the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Osteoporosis Disease caused by abnormal loss of bone density occurring predominantly in postmenopausal women, which can lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, hips, and wrists. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) A chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body. C1 - C7 Cervical vertebrae EMG Electromyogram L1 - L5 Lumbar vertebrae OA Osteoarthritis T1 - T12 Thoracic vertebrae Paget's Disease Thick, soft bone marked by bowing and fractures. Osteosarcoma A cancerous (malignant) bone tumor that usually develops during the period of rapid growth that occurs in adolescence, as a teenager matures into an adult. Blout Disease A growth disorder of the tibia that causes the lower leg to angle inward, resembling a bowleg. Often occurs in children and adolescents.