English Literary and Poetry Devices

34 terms by frugeshelby 

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alliteration

the repetition of initial consonant sounds

simile

a comparison of two unlike things using like or as

parallelism

the repetition of the same gramatical structure

personification

giving human like qualities to non-living things

hyperbole

an exxagerated statement not to be taken literally

metaphor

a comparison of two unlike things without using like or as

consonance

the repetition of consonant sounds at the ends of words with different vowel sounds

onomatopeia

the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests something.

allusion

a brief reference to a well-known historical, literal figure, work of art, song, bible, event in history or story.

synecdoche

a part stands for the whole

metonymy

when you substitute something that closely resembles what you really mean

repetition

repeating of a word or group of words for emphasis

apostrophe

a speaker directly addresses someone who is absent or dead or something human as if it were present or alive and able to reply

oxymoron

combination of contradictory terms

inversion

rearrange the words of a sentence

understatement

to understate the obvious, giving something less importance than is needed

symbol

an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning

rhyme scheme

a pattern of rhymed words at the ends of lines

tone

the attitude of the writer towards his character, reader, subject.

assonance

the repetition of similar vowel sounds with different consonant sounds

analogy

a comparison of two unlike things to show their similarities. aka an extended metaphor

irony

using words to convey the opposite of its literal meaning.

imagery

writing that appeals to the senses using descriptive or figurative language.

speaker

the voice of the work

paradox

a statement that at first seems contradictory, but it is actually true

ballad

simple song having two stanzas using the same melody, a narrative.

couplet

a pair of lines of verse, especially ones that rhyme and are the same length.

epic

a poem that is usually centered around a hero

epic

a long narrative poem telling of the heroes deeds.

lyric poem

a short poem that expresses personal and emotional feelings.

sonnet

a 14 line poem that it ususally written in iambic pentameter, ends with a couplet, and follows a strict rhyme scheme.

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

free verse

unrhymes verse without a metrical pattern

ode

lyric poem addresses to a particular subject to celebrate or commemorate it.

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