What are the four characteristics of alcohol addiction?
Using Alcohol on a daily basis
Individual tries to limit the amount of alcohol use
Participates in binge drinking
Drinking more than what is socially acceptable
In the U. S. it is thought that ___% of all adults will consume alcohol at some point in their lives
Factors that contribute to an individuals tolerance are_____and _____.
drinking history and genetic inheritance.
The acute syndrome that presents in such a manner that it maybe mistaken for conditions such as pneumonia, meningitis, sub-dermal hematoma,or infection involving the Central Nervous System unless the attending physician is aware of the individuals drinking history.
Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
When injected, effects begin in seconds, and lasts for less than 30 minutes. Very lipid soluble. Useful in dental surgical procedures.
Usually administered orally. Effects begin in 10 to 20 minutes and lasts for 3 to 4 hours. Elimination half-life maybe longer than duration of effect. Lipid solubility falls between that of ultra-short-acting and intermediate-duration barbiturates.
Usually administered orally. Effects begin in approximately 1 hour. Effects of a single dose last for 6 to 8 hours. Elimination half-life may be longer than duration of effect. Moderately lipid soluble.
Usually administered orally. Effects of a single dose begin in about an hour and last for 6 to 12 hours. Elimination half-life may be longer than duration of effect. Lipid solubility less than that of Intermediate-duration barbiturates.
Characteristics Moderate level of intoxication
Depression of deep tendon reflexes