First Continental Congress
Colonists agreed to meet in 1774. Purpose was to determine how colonists should react to this threat against their rights. They wanted to get relationship back to what it was before the F&I War: salutary neglect.
1) reject intolerable acts
2) begin military preparations
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
States that colonists want rights and list of things they're mad about. Hope king will act upon this.
Hired to be a circuit rider - run through city to warn that British are coming.
also a circuit rider
Member of a militia during the American Revolution who could be ready to fight in sixty seconds
"Shot heard around the world"
Gage continued to Concord to destroy military supplies. Colonists attack when Gage was on the way back. 250 casualties for British.
Battle of Bunker Hill
First true battle. Colonists put cannons on top of Breeds Hill. British try to get up hill, and finally get up after third try. Americans claim victory.
Second Continental Congress
2 distinct groups meet in Philadelphia: one wants independence, the other wants to fix the relationship with the British.
Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms
Statement to king as to why the colonists are making an army.
Olive Branch Petition
One last plead to the king to intercede, or stop the revolution.
Declares all colonies to be in rebellion. Prohibit any British good to go to America.
Wrote Common Sense.
had three basic arguments: contrary to common sense for small island to rule vast continent, wrong to pledge allegiance to corrupt government, and argued for total independence.
Declaration of Independence
A document which stated reasons for independence. Richard Henry Lee stood up to Continental Congress. Jefferson was chosen to write the actual document.
stayed loyal to America
one of the political parties in England
..., Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton
fighting colonists (patriots) on the American continent
George Rogers Clark
captures most of forts in Ohio territory
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the battle. French agree to help us in the war.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Treaty of Paris 1783
4 main provisions:
1) US is an independent nation
2) Mississippi River was set as western border
3) Americans get fishing rights off Canada
4) Americans would pay debts owed to British merchants and Loyalists
Articles of Confederation
First official plan for government, will tie states together. Congress modified original plan to be sure states had most power.
one house of government
Land Ordinance of 1785
divided up land West of Appalachia into sections so people can buy land.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
defined what a territory needed to do to become a state. process by which territories become states
was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of