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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. parados
  2. orchestra
  3. masks
  4. dramatic irony
  5. exodos
  1. a this was the "dancing space"; it was the performing area (circular shaped) and it was surrounded by the theater and in front of the skene; there was an altar to Dionysus at the center
  2. b this is a contrasting relationship between a character's understanding of his/her situation and what the audience actually understands that character's situation to be; in short, the audience knows something that the character doesn't; Sophocles used lots of this; an effective technique in Oedipus that is used to add to the suspense
  3. c these were the most essential part of a Greek actor's costume and they were simple, yet personalized to each character
  4. d this was the first scene of the play (after the prologue), and it was used to provide important and relevant information regarding the play
  5. e this was the final scene of the play (before the epilogue) that was used to provide words of wisdom related to what happened in the play and what the outcome was

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the god of human and agricultural fertility who was deemed the patron of song, poetry, and drama; Greek drama began as a religious observance of him; the "Cult of this person" practiced rituals/celebrations for him
  2. this was a dialogue spoken by one or some of the characters that was used to bring the play to a close
  3. ruin/delusion (a part of the tragic hero cycle)
  4. wealthy patrons who supervised and financed the plays; one of the public services required of the the wealthy; no control over which writer's play they would finance
  5. this word, also known as "recognition," is the change from ignorance to awareness in the tragic hero; he/she usually recognizes some horrible event/secret and then achieves a revelation about something like human fate, destiny, and/or the will of the gods

5 True/False Questions

  1. strophethis was the second movement of the chorus in an ode (it was a response to the strophe)


  2. Corinththis consisted of Athenian men and women; 12-15 singers and dancers who represented "the community"; they normally sang with an orchestra; Sophocles increased the size of this and made it less important than it originally was; very important part of the play; this would narrate and reflect back on the play; gives off a "unified feeling"


  3. Greek actorsthe first person to use these (who were only male) was Thespis, and then Aeschylus and Sophocles used these as well; men who hadn't hit puberty would be the women in the plays


  4. aretepursuit of excellence (a part of the tragic hero cycle)


  5. tragic herothis person is basically a good person (not a villain or a hero) who has some tragic flaw (harmartia) that results in his downfall


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