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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. pathos
  2. Dionysus
  3. Thebes
  4. strophe
  5. Greek actors
  1. a located northwest of Athens; largest city in the region; named for its mythical founder Cadmus; this is where most of the Oedipus trilogy takes place
  2. b the god of human and agricultural fertility who was deemed the patron of song, poetry, and drama; Greek drama began as a religious observance of him; the "Cult of this person" practiced rituals/celebrations for him
  3. c the quality of a play to evoke pity and fear in an an audience
  4. d the first person to use these (who were only male) was Thespis, and then Aeschylus and Sophocles used these as well; men who hadn't hit puberty would be the women in the plays
  5. e this was the first movement of the chorus in an ode

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. this was a dialogue spoken by one or some of the characters that was used to bring the play to a close
  2. this was the second movement of the chorus in an ode (it was a response to the strophe)
  3. this person is basically a good person (not a villain or a hero) who has some tragic flaw (harmartia) that results in his downfall
  4. ancient city in Greece; Oedipus' home and supposed birthplace; powerful naval force; located approximately 50 miles west of modern Athens, on the Isthmus of Corinth
  5. the purging of negative emotion in an audience by raising emotions

5 True/False Questions

  1. choregosthis consisted of Athenian men and women; 12-15 singers and dancers who represented "the community"; they normally sang with an orchestra; Sophocles increased the size of this and made it less important than it originally was; very important part of the play; this would narrate and reflect back on the play; gives off a "unified feeling"


  2. hamartiathe purging of negative emotion in an audience by raising emotions


  3. Great Dionysia Festivala spring festival in which the main attraction was theater; it included the "exultation of the soul" and "dancing and screaming"


  4. Thespisknown as the "inventor of tragedy"; in modern times actors are sometimes referred to as this-person's-name-ians; created the independent actor and dialogue; was a poet, playwright, and chorus leader himself; first person to create an acting troupe


  5. prologuethis was a dialogue spoken by one or some of the characters giving necessary background information about the play


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