Miladys Standard Esthetics Ch.4 Infection Control and Practice

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Why should estheticians study bacteria?

To understand the basics of cleaning,disinfecting and following state rules will ensure that you're protected

Tiny plant cells that cant be seen by the naked eye

Microorganisms

Bacteria is also known as

Microbes or germs

Bacteria that helps the body breakdown food, protect against infection and stimulate the immune system

Pathogenic

Bacteria that are considered harmful because they may cause disease or infection when they invade the body

Nonpathogenic

Round shape bacteria

cocci

rod shaped

bacilli

spiral shaped

spiral corkscrew

pustules and boils

staphyloca

tuberculosis

bacilli

strep throat

strepocci

lme disease

spirilla

pneumonia

diplozia

The life cycle of bacteria is made up of these two phases

active and inactive spore forming stage

To survive difficult conditions such as famine or unsuitable temperatures certain bacteria form ______outer shell.

waxy

In what ways does the body fight infection?

unbroken skin body secretions white cells antoxins that counteract toxins

Pathogenice bacteria and viruses that are carried through the body in blook or body fluids are called

blood born pathogens

When a pathogenic bacteria or viruses invade the body______may occur

infection

A disease that spreads by contact from one person to another is

contagious

A______infection is confined to a particular part of the body

local

When bacteria or viruses are carried throughout the body a_______infection results

general

_______live in or on another living organism, and draw their nourishment from this organism.

Parasite

Ringworm is a vegetable (plant) parasite or

fungi

There are two types of parasites those living____a host and those living_______.

outside inside

The ability of the body to resist infections is called

immunity

____________is a set of guidelines that require employees to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious.

Principle of presentation

Most bacteria are classified as___________

nonpathogenic

Some pathogens protect themselves from harsh conditions by forming

spores

The common cold, small pox and aids are all caused by

viruses

Bacteria become visible when observed under a

microscope

_________is the virus that causes AIDS.

HI

A disease caused by a virus similar to HIV but more easily contracted, is called

hepatitis

The_______virus is present in all body fluids.

hepatistis

_______are among the most common human bacteria.

Staphylozocci

Aids is a type of_______infection

genral

Parasites cannot live without a________

host

Molds mildew and yeast are all types of

fundi

The skin disease caused by the itch mite is

scabies

_______immunity is an inherited resistance to disease.

acquired

_________immunity is developed after the body overcomes a disease.

natural

Acquired immunity can also be developed through_____or after the body overcomes a disease

inoculation

The federal agency that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace

OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Most objects or surfaces in your surroundings are________which means they have microorganisms on them

Contaminated

Three main levels of contamination

Sanitation Disinfection Sterilization

______________kills all microorganisms including bacterial spores.

sterilization

An autoclave sterilizes tools by using____under pressure

steam

Disinfection kills most microorganisms on hard_____surfaces

nonporous

Disinfection does not kill

bacterial spores

________should not be used on human skin hair or nails

disinfectant

The________registers different types of disinfectants

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

Manufactures are required to provide information about their products in a

product label

Any implemented that comes into contact with blood or body fluids must be disinfected in a EPA registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or a disinfectant that kills

hiv 1 and hepatitis b virus

_________not a legal disinfectant

alcohol

nontoxic odorless and fast acting

quats

effective laundry additive

bleach

You should always wear________and_____when mixing disinfectants.

gloves safety goggles

An important rule when mixing disinfectants is to add_________to ____________

disinfectant to water

The purpose of wet sanitizer is to_______

disinfect

Any item used on a client must or

disinfected discarded

____or_____ may grown on unwashed laundry that had been left in a laundry cart.

fungus mold

Touching an object such as the skin and then touching another object or product with the same hand or utensil results in

cross contamination

________________ supplies and implements are thrown away after use

disposable

Use____ ______ or a_______to remove implements from disinfectants.

basket gloves clean tongs

The lowest level of decontamination is

sanitization

_________may kill retard or prevent the growth of bacteria but they are not classified as disinfectants.

antiseptics

Disposable lancets should be disposed of ina

puncture proof container

Nonporous tools such as tweezers and scissor that have not come in contact with blood should be decontaminated by complete immersion in an epa registered hospital grade disinfectant that is

bactericidal pseudomnacidal fungicidal viricidal

Universal Precautions require that employer/employees assume that all human____ and ____ are infectious for HIV HBV AND OTHER blood borne pathogens.

blood fluids

Dirt oil makeup on a brush or lotion on a cotton pad are all

contaminants

Removing pathogens from tools and surfaces is called

decontamination

Methods of sterilization include the autoclave and

dry heat

items such as _____ cannot be sterilized in an autoclave because they will break

glass electrodes

Any disinfectant used in a salon must have the correct_____or effectiveness against pathogens.

efficacy

__________was used as a disinfectant in the past but it is no longer considered safe for salon use.

sodium hypochlorie

The chemical term for_______is sodium hypochlorite

formalin

Proper disinfecton procedure requires complete____in disinfectant forthe required amount of time

aimmersion

handling serilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so they are not contaminated until they are used on a client is called an

asseptic procedure

In a blood spill after cleaning the wound apply an ant_____to the wound

antiseptic

Contaminated disposable objects such a cotton balls should be discarded by______

double bagging

Sanitizing means significantly reducing the number of_____ on a surface

pathogens

OSHA precribes the use of _______as the approach to infection control

Universal Precautions

A client who is________shos no symptoms or signs of infection

asymptomatic

Disease produced by disease causing organisms including bacteria virus and fungi

Pathogenic disease

Disease that affects the body generally often due to under or over functioning of internal glands/organs.

Systemic Disease

One cell organism with both plant/animal characteristics some harmful/harmless known as microbes or germs

Bacteria

Communicable by infection from one person to another person or from one infected body part tot another

Infectious

Nonscientific synonyms for disease producing bacteria

Microbes/germs

ology

study of

an organism that grows feeds and shelters on or in another organism

parasite

any of various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms

toxin

A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects cells of biological organisms.

Virus

slender hair like exstentions

flagella

During the_________stage bacteria grow and reproduce

active

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