what ancient culture does gilgamesh live in?
Gilgamesh is king of what city?
Gilgamesh was originally written down in what language?
What is Gilgamesh's friend named?
what is the theme in Gligamesh?
carpe diem (seize the day)
Who came up with the idea of an archetypal hero?
Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell
what is an archetype?
reoccurring idea found in mythology
who is Ninsun?
Gilgamesh's mother who is a goddess
What does Humbaba guard?
the ceder forest of Lebanon
what is Shamash the god of?
Who is Enlil?
a god who disliked humans. ordered the flood because humans were too noisy
who is Shamhat?
Shamhat is the priestess who teaches Enkidu to act like a regular human being
When was Gilgamesh written?
around 2000 bc
why were the people of Uruk angry with Gilgamesh?
Gilgamesh misbehaved and abused his people
Why did the gods create Enkidu?
enkidu was made to humble Gilgamesh and become his best friend
Who is Ishtar?
a goddess who asks Gilgamesh to marry him. He refuses and she tries to kill Gilgamesh with the Bull of Heaven
What is the Bull of Heaven?
sent by Ishtar to kill Gilgamesh and Enkidu. they kill the bull
how does Utnapishtim get eternal life?
the gods create a flood to destroy all the humans on earth. Ea wants Utnapishtim to survive and tells him to build an ark. Because he survived he became a god
How does Enkidu die?
he insults Ishtar who makes him sick with fear and he dies
why does Gilgamesh go on a journey to Utnapishtim?
Gilgamesh wants eternal life
Why did urshanabi ask Gilgamesh to cut 120 poles?
they used the poles to paddle through the waters of death
how did the gods react to the flood?
they weeped because of all the people they killed
what does Utnapishtim ask Gilgamesh to do in order to gain eternal life?
stay awake for a week
where is the plant that Utnapishtim says will make you young again?
at the bottom of the sea
who steals the plant?