the short introduction to the US Constitution
the numbered sections in which the document is divided into
The people are all sovereign. They are the only source for any and all governmental power.
no government is all-powerful, that a government may do only those things that the people have given it the power to do.
government must be conducted according to constitutional principles.
rule of law
holds that the government and its officers are always subject to - never above - the law
separation of powers
in a parliamentary system, the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government are all gathered in the hands of a single agency.
checks and balances
Constitution gives each branch of government it's own field of authority
presidential override of any act of Congress
Congress can reject the veto of a President.
powero f the courts to determine whether what government does is in accord with what the Constitution says
to declare illegal and void, of no force and effect- a governmental action found to violate some provision in the Constitution.
Marbury v. Madison
1803 used the concept of Judicial review
division of power among a central government and several regional governments.
changes in its written words
changes or additions that become part of the written language of the Constitution itself,
proposed by two-thirds vote in each house of congress and ratified by three- fourths of state legislatures (27 amendments)
proposed by congress and then ratified by conventions called for that purpose, in three fourths of the states. (21st amendment)
proposed by national convention called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of State legislatures, 34. (Never used before)
proposed by national convention and ratified by conventions in three fourths of the states.
Bill of rights
first ten amendments that protect the rights of the individuals.
immunity of states from certain lawsuits
changes in electoral college procedures
citizenship, dual process, equal protection
no denial of vote because of race, color, or previous enslavement.
repeal of prohibition
limiting presidential terms
lowered voting age
Congressional pay (203 years to ratify.)
regulates foreign and interstate commerce
a pact made by the president directly with the head of a foreign state
is a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
the group that makes the formal selection of the nation's president
an advisory body to the President.
senate will only approve those who the president assigns in his cabinet or the supreme court