(5) Settlement of the West and Development of the late 19th and 20th Centuries

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Plessy v. Ferguson

This was a U.S. Supreme Court decision that established the legality of racial segregation so long as facilities were "separate but equal."

Agrarian

Society based on farming.

Andrew Carnegie

This Scottish-born American industrialist made his fortune in the steel industry.

Antitrust

These are laws and regulations designed to protect trade and commerce from unfair business practices.

Atlanta Compromise

This was the classic statement on race relations by Booker T. Washington, made in a speech at the Atlanta Exposition (1895). He asserted that vocational education, which gave blacks a chance for economic security, was more valuable than social equality or political office.

Booker T. Washington

This was a U.S. educator and reformer. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time.

Buffalo Soldiers

This is the nickname given to black soldiers with the U.S. Cavalry who helped to spread the U.S. westward in the decades following the Civil War.

Chinese Exclusion Act

This law, passed in 1882, forbade any laborers from China to enter the United States for 10 years.

Communication Revolution

New technologies that helped spur and contribute to the westward expansion and Industrial Revolution.

Conservation Movement

This was an American invention of John Audubon and others who wished to protect natural habitat from man in the 19th century. They lobbied consistently for parks and human exclusion from the wild.

Eighteenth

This amendment prohibited the sale and use of alcoholic beverages.

Federal Reserve

This is the central banking authority in the United States, which supervises commercial banks by monitoring accounts and controlling interest rates.

George Custer

U.S. Cavalry General whose unwise and reckless conduct got him and over 200 soldier of the Seventh Cavalry killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn

Ghost Dance

A Native American movement in the 1890s that believed a ritualistic ceremony would result in the reanimation of Indian dead and the defeat of the white invaders into the West.

Gospel of Wealth

This was the hypothesis that wealth was the great end and aim of man, the one thing needful.

Grangers

This was a group of American farmers who united in the late 19th century to lobby Congress to pass laws protecting them from unfair business practices of large industry.

Horatio Alger

This was a United States author of inspirational adventure stories for boys; virtue and hard work overcome poverty.

Industrial Revolution

This was a series of economic & mechanical changes of Western Europe in the 18th - 20th centuries.

Jane Addams

She was a founder of Hull House, a settlement house that helped immigrants of the late 19th century become acclimated to life in the United States, and was a pioneer in the field of social work.

John D. Rockefeller

The New York industrialist who made hundreds of millions of dollars in the 19th century with this Standard Oil Company and pioneered the corporate strategy of vertical integration.

Labor Union

This is an organization of workers that negotiates with employers for better pay, benefits, and working conditions.

Laissez-faire

French term which means allow to do, the philosophy that government should stay out of the market

Monopoly

This is a when one company controls the market for a certain product, there is no competition.

Muckrakers

This group of authors and journalists wrote of horrible working conditions in American industry in the early 20th century, resulting in more governmental protection of workers.

NAACP

This is the oldest and largest U.S. civil rights organization. Members of this have referred to it as The National Association.

nativism

In the late 19th century, this political and social movement swept through the United States, its followers believing that all people who were not born in the U.S. and were of European heritage should be banned from the country.

Niagara Movement

This was an organization of black intellectuals led by W.E.B. Du Bois calling for full political, civil, and social rights for black Americans.

Nineteenth

This amendment gave women the right to vote.

Populist

This was the movement that advocated state control of railroads and currency expansion.

Progressive Movement

This was a political reform movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to protect working class citizens.

Robber Barons

American capitalists of the latter part of the 19th century who became wealthy through exploitation (as of natural resources, governmental influence, or low wage scales).

Seventeenth

This amendment provided for the direct election of U.S. senators.

Sixteenth

This amendment made personal income tax permanent..

Social Darwinism

This was the theory that people are subject to natural selection and wealth was a sign of superiority.

Theodore Roosevelt

This was a 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama canal was built during his administration; said `Speak softly but carry a big stick` (1858-1919). He was considered by many to be the nation's first conservation President.

Thomas Edison

Known as the "Wizard of Menlo Park," he is famous for his hundred of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb, phonograph, the Dictaphone, and hundreds of others.

Urbanization

This is a rise in a society's city population.

Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States; led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924).

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