What is prehistory?
any and all time before writing.
when did the first humanlike creatures appear?
what is an archeologist?
people who study past cultures.
how do archeologists find info on prehistory?
analyze human remains, fossils, and artifacts.
what is radio carbon dating?
telling how old something is by calulating half life of certain atoms.
who is lucy and what significance is her discovery?
she is the most complete skeleton of a walking prehuman. she gives us evidence of how prehumans were built.
who found lucy and when di he find her?
Donald Johnson, 1974 ethiopia.
name the characteristics of a hominid.
walks on 2 feet, is an australopithecines, large teeth, large nose, large face, small brain, nomadic.
explain the genus homo
the genus humans belong to.
what is a homo habilis?`
humanlike animals who had superior brains to other animals at the time.
what is a homo erectus?
humanlike animals who walked upright.
what is a neandrathal?
a species of humans that dissapeared.
what is a homo sapien?
humans who had the ability to think more.
when did habilis reign?
up until 1.5 mya
when did erectus reign?
1.8 mya- 30,000 ya.
when did sapien reign?
what was the culture of early man?
clothing, fire, religion.
what tools did early man use?
explain the stone ages
began when humans began to use stone tools.
what is the paleolithic age?
the old stone age, 2.5 mill bce-8000 bce.
what is the neolithic age?
the new stone age. people began to farm 8000-3000bce
explain early hunter gatherers.
started with homo habilis from 2.5-1.5mya. larger brains, physically advanced.
who were the early h/g discovered by?
mary and louis leaky
explain homo erectus' h/g lifestyle.
nomadic, weapons and fire.
where did homo erectus spread to?
china, europe, indonesia, by 50,000 ya. develop language.
explain homo sapiens' h/g lifestyle
200,000 ya, h/g with more advanced tools.
explain homo sapien clans.
35-50 people, cared for sick/aged.
explain homosapien sapiens.
lived in africa 50,000 ya. within 20,000 ya dominate most continents.
when did erectus and sapien die out?
when homosapien sapiens dominate.
what is cro magnon?
a species of humans found in france. they had better technology: stone ax, sharper blades, threw spears.
what was the earliest agricultural settlement?
9000bce in jarmo. (present day northern iraq.)
what was the largest early settlement?
8000bce, atal huyuk (turkey.) cultivated crops, division of labor, trade, religion, military.