French King stole the Papacy in 1300's. (French wanted a pope so they made one)
Division in religion.
The Great Schism
The time when France had a pope and Italy had a Pope, they used all their time, focus, and resources to fight/kill each other.
Starts pointing out problems of the Catholic Church (critisizing). Called for reformation. Wasn't killed because the Pope(s) were fighting each other at that time.
What John Wycliffe used, it was English.
(somewhere around 1415 and 1417) He also points out church corruption, burned at the stake because his action was somewhere around the time the Great Schism ended.
Of this time these people of high spiritual authority would ascirt National Authority, quet down all who questions his decisions (as the friend of Christ)