A 62 year old male is short of breath. The EMTasks the patient if it would be okayto assess him, including taking his vital signs. The patient agrees. Which one of the following is true?
b. The EMT has obtained exspressed consent.
Which one of the following best indicates that informed consent has been obtained?
d. The patient agrees to xoygen therapy after being told it may help decrease his chest pain but the mask may feel somewhat constricting.
You are by the sie of a female patient who has overdosed on a drug. She is conscious but very combative and noncompliant with your requests. Which one of the following statements made by the EMT best suggests assault?
c. "If you do not let me get your blood pressure, I will take off the oxygen and you will suffocate."
A 46 year old man who is conscious, competent, and rational is refusing treatment despite crushing chest pain and shortness of breath. He states that the hospital will not do anything for him and he is refusing treatment and transport. The EMT should recognize that the:
a. patient has a right to refuse treatment and transport.
An intoxicated 72 year old alcoholic has fallen and suffered a laceration to the back of his head. He states that he does not want treatment and becomes combative when you try to talk or assess him. Your best course of action wojuld be to:
b. contact medical direction.
You have been dispatched for a 15 year old female with a headache. On scene, the patient is found holding her daughter in her arms. She states that she has had a migrain headache for two days and would like to be transported to the hospital for further evaluation. As an EMT you would:
d. assess and transport the patient as she desires.
While transporting a patient from her house to the ambulance, one of the EMTs slips on an icy patch and falls. The stretcher overturns, and the patient suffers a broken wrist. She files a lawsuit alleging negligence. Which one of the following will be the most difficult component of negligence for the patient to prove?
b. Proximate cause.
A woman calls the sation and asks if you transported a woman named Patricia Gardner earlier in the day. She says that she is her friend and wants to know if she is okay. An appropriate response would be:
b. "I do not doubt that you are her friend, but I cannot release that information."
For negligence to be proven, which of the following must be present?
b. Duty to act, injury, proximate cause.
A male EMT was discussing a patient's medical condition with a female EMT from a different service. The woman then repeated this information to others, which eventually made its way back to the patient. In regards to issues of confidentiality, Which one of the following is true?
b. The male EMT violated the HIPPA law.
You have been called to a home for an alert and oriented female with terminal cancer. At the home, the daughter, who is her mother's durable power of attorney, states thta she wants her mother transported to the hospital. The patient who is alert and oriented, does not want to go. Which of the following statements indicated that the EMTis acting both appropriately and legally in this confict?
d. "I know that you are the durable power of attorney, but your mother is alert and oriented so we cannot legally take her against her will."
Many states require EMTs to report which one of the following to law enforcements?
c. Physical and mental abuse.
A young male patient has suffered a gunshot wound to the head. Realizing that there is little chance for survival, the EMT notes that the patient is a potential organ donor. The patient is unresponsive and breathing four times a minute on scene. You are providing positive pressure ventilation. En route to the hospital, the patient stops breathing and loses a pulse. Since the patient is a potential organ doner, the EMT should:
d. provide the same resuscitation as for a person who is not an organ donor.
Despite a patient's protest not to have his blood pressure taken, the EMT places a BP cuff on his arm and takes his blood pressure. The EMT states "See? It is just as I suspected your blood pressure is sky high. You really need to be seen in the emergency department." The patient states he did not realize that his blood pressure was that high. In terms of battery, which one of the following is true?
a. The patient could charge the EMT with battery, regardless of his blood pressure reading.
Which one of the following best illustrates failure to meet the standard of care when treating a patient with chest pain?
a. Failing to give the patient oxygen.
The EMT shows he understands Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) orders and a living will when he states:
a. "A DNR applies to resuscitation issues only when the patient stops breathing or the patient's heart ceases to beat."
The highest priority for the EMTworking on a petient at the scene of a crime is:
b. ensuing personal safety.
While off duty, an EMT comes on the scene of an auto collision. A young man has been seriously injured and is bleeding. The EMT is alone with his baby daughter in the car and cannot leave her to provide help. Therefore, he alerts 911 of the emergency and drives away. Later in the week, he finds out that the patient diet. Which one of the following is true?
d. The EMT had no duty to act and cannot be held liable for the man's death.
You have arrived on the scene for an unresponsive female patient. As you make your way to the patient's side, a family member hands you an official document that states the patient does not want feeding tubes, ventilators, and other long-term life support equipment to keep her alive. There is no mention of whether to administer life-saving drugs or withhold cardiopulmonoary resuscitation. The EMT should recognize this document as a:
a. living will document.
The EMT shows he understands the standard of care when he states:
b. "The standard of care is a measure of whether or not the right assessment and care have been provided to the patient."