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vowels

short sounds

a

ah
(Father)

e

eh
(bet)

u

oo
(spoon)

h

always silent

j

h
(jose)

ge

h sound
(Jorge)

ga

hard g
(garden)

r

roll
(better)

rr

roll r longer

ñ

enya
(onion)

ca

hard c or k

co

hard c or k

cu

hard c or k

accent

only on vowels
tells when stress is needed

ch

(cheese)

diéresis

makes letter not silent

k

borrowed letters

w

borrowed letters

4 extra letters

ch, ll, ñ, rr

x

x or h sound
(exam or mex(h)ico)

d

between vowels soft th

cognate

2 words look and mean the same thing in 2 different languages

punctuation

¿? ¡!
work in pairs

no _______

apostrophes

tilde

over n (ñ)
makes n different letter

gi

h sound

go

hard g
(garden)

gu

hard g
(garden)

when there is hard g

go, gu, ga

when g has h sound

ge and gi

when c has s sound

ci, ce

when c has hard c or k sound

ca, cu, co

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