Chapter 6: World War I and Beyond (1914 - 1920)

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Nationalism

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it

Militarism

a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests

Alliances

agreements between nations to aid and protect one another

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.

Kaiser William II

last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling both the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.

Western Front

In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.

Contraband

goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law

Lusitania

American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI

U-Boat

a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WWI

Zimmerman Telegram/Note

Says that if Germany can't keep the US neutral, they'd give Mexico financial support to attack the US in order to regain their lost territories

Selective Service Act

Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft

Bernard Baruch

He headed the War Industries Board which placed the control of industries into the hands of the federal government. It was a prime example of War Socialism.

CPI

Initials for organization created to persuade Americans that World War I represented a battle for democracy and freedom.

George Creel

Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI

Conscientious Objectors

Those who opposed participating in military service because of religious,philosophical,or political belief.

Espionage Act

This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.

Great Migration

movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920

Convoy

a collection of merchant ships with an escort of warships

Vladimir Lenin

Founder of the Russian Communist Party, this man led the November Revolution in 1917 which established a revolutionary soviet government based on a union of workers, peasants, and soldiers.

John J. Pershing

Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace

Fourteen Points

a series of proposals in which President Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.

League of Nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

Henry Cabot Lodge

Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations

Reparations

payment for damages after a war

Irreconcilables

Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations

Reservationists

Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made - led by Henry Cabot Lodge

Versailles Treaty

The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.

Influenza

viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.

Inflation

a general and progressive increase in prices

Red Scare

a period of general fear of communists

Palmer Raids

a series a government attacks on suspected radicals in the United States led by the U.S. attorney general A. Mitchell Palmer

Sacco & Vanzetti Case

Famous case in which two immigrants were accused of murder/ there was no hard evidence, yet they were put to death anyway/ showed how much Americans distrusted foreigners

Warren G Harding

president after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism

Creditor Nation

a nation that exports more than it imports, so that it is owed money by other nations

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