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artifacts

human-made objects

culture

a people's unique way of life

hominids

humans that could walk upright, such as australopithecines

paleolithic age

old stone age 2.5 million to 8,000 BC

neolithic age

8,000-3,000 BC

homo sapiens

species name for modern humans

nomads

highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging for new sources of food

hunter-gatherers

nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and gathering plant foods

neolithic revolution

agricultural revolution; far-reaching changes in human life resulting from the beginnings of farming

slash-and-burn farming

when farmers cut trees or grasses and burned them to clear a field

domestication

taming of animals

australopithecines

4-1 million BC, found in southern and eastern africa, brain size 500 cm3, 1st humanlike creature to walk upright

homo habilis

2.5-1.5 million BC, found in east africa, brain size 700 cm3, 1st to make stone tools

homo erectus

1.6 million-30,000 BC, found in africa, asia and europe, brain size 1,000 cm3

neanderthal

200,000-30,000 BC, found in europe and southwest asia, brain size 1,450 cm3, 1st to have ritual burials

cro-magnon

40,000-8,000 BC, found in europe, brain size 1,400 cm3, fully modern humans, created art

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