Biology Chapter 4

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Campbell Reece, 8th edition. Chapter 4: Carbon and the molecular diversity of life

Organic Chemistry

The study of carbon compounds

Hydrocarbons

Organic molecules that consist of only carbon and hydrogen atoms

Fats

Biological molecules that have long hydrocarbon tails attached to a non-hydrocarbon component

Isomers

Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures and therefore chemical properties

Structural Isomers

Molecules with the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arrangement of atoms.

Geometric Isomers

Compounds with the same covalent partnerships that differ in their spacial arrangement around a carbon-carbon double bond.

Enantiomers

Molecules that are mirror images of each other. An asymmetric carbon with 4 single bonds.

Functional Groups

The components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions. Behaves consistently from one organic molecule to another

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