Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Barron's 800 Essential Words for the GRE Unit 41-50

inadvertenly

adv 无意的,随意的
carelessly; unintentionally

incarnate

adj 人体化的;化身的
having bodily form; Embodied in flesh; in human form

inchoate

adj 未成熟的;不完善的
imperfectely formed or formulated

incongruity

n 不协调;不合适
state of not fitting

inconsequencial

adj 不重要的
insgnificant; unimportant

incorporate

v 吸收;纳入,并入
introduce something into another thing already in existence

incursion

n 突然入侵
sudden invasion
e.g. incursions into enemy territory

indeterminate

adj 不明确的;不确定的
uncertain; indefinite

indigence

n 贫穷;困顿
poverty

indolent

adj 懒散的;怠惰的
habitually lazy; idle

ineluctable

adj 不可避免的
not to be avoided or escaped; inevitable

inert

adj 无活力的;惰性的
unable to move; sluggish

ingenuous

adj 天真的;朴实的
naive and trusting; lacking sophistication

inherent

adj 天性的;固有的
firmly established by nature or habit

innocuous

adj 无害的
harmless

insensible

adj 无意识的;无知觉的
unconscious; unresponsive

insinuate

v 暗示
to suggest; say indirectly; imply

insipid

adj 乏味的;无趣的
lacking in flavor; dull

insouciant

adj 漠不关心的
indifferent; lacking concern or care

insularity

n 思想狭隘;与外界隔绝
narrow-mindedness; isolation

insuperable

adj 不可逾越的;无法克制的
insurmountable; unconquerable, incapable of being surmounted or excelled
e.g.
insuperable financial problems

intangible

adj 无形的
incapable of being perceived by the senses especially the sense of touch, not able to be touched; not concrete

interdict

v 禁止;阻止
to forbid; prohibit

internecine
(in-ter-nee-seen, in-ter-nee-sahyn)

adj 两败俱伤的
Destructive to both sides in a conflict
e.g. the region's history of savage internecine warfare
Of or relating to conflict within a group or organization
e.g. the party shrank from the trauma of more internecine strife

interpolate

v 1- 插入 2- 篡改
to insert; change by adding new words or material

interregnum

n 中断;空位期;过渡期
interval between reigns; gap in continuity

intimate

adj 亲密的;密切的 v 暗示
Noun
marked by close acquaintance
Verb
Imply or hint
e.g. he had already intimated that he might not be able to continue

intractable

adj 不易处理的
not easily managed

intransigence

n 固执;不妥协
stubbornness; refusal to compromise

introspective

adj 内省的,自省的,反省的
contemplating one's own thoughts and feelings

inundate

v 淹没
to cover with water, overwhelm

inure

v 使习惯于
to accustom

invective

n 辱骂
verbal abuse

inveigh

v 不赞同;猛烈抨击
to disapprove; protest vehemently

inveigle

v 哄骗;诱使
Persuade (someone) to do something by means of deception or flattery
to inveigle a person into playing bridge

inveterate

adj 牢固的;长期形成的;根深蒂固的
Having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change
e.g. he was an inveterate gambler

invidious

adj 讨厌的;引起反感的;招致不满的
likely to arouse or incur resentment or anger in others
e.g. she'd put herself in an invidious position

irascible

adj 易怒的
easily angered; easily irritated

irresolute

adj 犹豫不决的,优柔寡断的
unsure of how to act; weak

itinerant

adj 巡回的;流动的
wandering from place to place; unsettled

itinerary

n 旅行日程
route of a traveler's journey

jaundiced
(jawn-dist)

adj 1- 患黄疸病的 2- 狭隘的;有偏见的
+ having a yellowish discoloration of the skin
+ affected by envy

jibe

v 与......一致
to be in agreement

jocose

adj 开玩笑的;诙谐的;好玩的
fond of joking; jocular

juggernaut

n 不可抗拒的强大力量
huge froce destrying everything in its path

junta

n 执政团
A military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
e.g. the country's ruling military junta

juxtapose
(juhk-stuh-pohz)

v 并列;并置
to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.

kudos

n 名誉;光荣;荣誉
fame; glory; honor

labile

adj 易变的
likely to change

laconic

adj 简洁的
using few words

lambaste

v 抨击;痛打
to trash verbally or physically

lascivious
(luh-siv-ee-uhs)

adj 淫荡的;好色的
lustful; wanton; lewd
e.g. a lascivious, girl-chasing old man.
arousing sexual desire
e.g. lascivious photographs.

lassitude

n 疲乏倦怠;无精打采
lethargy; sluggishness

latent

adj 潜在的;隐藏的
dormant; potential not apparent

laud

v 称赞;赞扬
praise

lethargic

adj 无精打采的
inactive

levee

n 防洪堤
en embankment that prevents a river from overflowing

levity

n 轻佻;轻浮;不严肃
light manner or attitude; frivolity esp. the treatment of a serious matter with humor or in a manner lacking due respect

liberal

adj 宽容的;开明的;慷慨的
tolerant; broad-minded

libertine

n 放荡不羁的人
one without moral restraint

libido

n 性欲,性冲动
sexual desire; sexual drive

lilliputian

adj 微小的
extremely small

limn

v 绘画,描绘
to draw, describe

limpid

adj 清晰的;透明的
clear; transparent

linguistic

adj 语言(方面)的
pertaining to language

litany
(lit-n-ee)

n 冗长的讲述;喋喋不休
lengthy recitation; repetitive chant
A tedious recital or repetitive series
e.g. a litany of complaints

literati

n 人文学士
scholarly or learned persons

litigation

n 诉讼;起诉
legal proceedings

log

n (旅行、航海等的)日志;记录 v 记录
record of a voyage; record of daily activities

loquacious

adj 多话的;滔滔不绝的
talkative

lucid

adj 清楚的;易懂的
bright; clear; intelligible

lucre
(loo-ker)

n 钱财;收益
money or profits esp. when regarded as sordid or distasteful or gained in a dishonorable way
e.g. officials getting their hands grubby with filthy lucre

luminous

adj 发光发亮的;鲜亮的
bright; brilliant; glowing

lustrous

adj 闪亮的
shining

machiavellian
(mak-ee-uh-vel-ee-uhn)

adj 不择手段的,耍诡计的
crafty, double-dealing, cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous

machinations
([mak-uh-ney-shuhn)

n 阴谋;谋划
plots or schemes

maelstrom

n 混乱;大漩涡
whirpool; turmoil

magnanimity

n 宽宏大度;高贵
generosity; nobility

malign
(muh-lahyn)

v 中伤;诽谤
to speak evil of, slander; defame
e.g. to malign an honorable man

malinger

v 装病以逃避责任
to feign illness to escape duty

malleable

adj 可塑的;易受影响的
capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionate

maverick

n 持异议者;特立独行者
dissenter

megalomania
(mega-loh-mey-nee-uh)

n 妄自尊大
Psychiatry: a symptom of mental illness marked by delusions of greatness, wealth, etc.

menagerie
(muh-naj-uh-ree)

n 动物群,兽群
a collection of wild or unusual animals, esp. for exhibition

mendacious

adj 不真实的;捏造的
dishonest, habitually lying

mendicant

n 行乞者;化缘者
beggar

meretricious

adj 华而不实的,徒有其表的
gaudy; specious; flasely attractive

mesmerize

v 迷住;进入催眠状态
to hypnotize; to spellbind; fascinate; to transfix
e.g. she was mesmerized by the blue eyes that stared so intently into her own

metamorphosis

n 变形;转变
change; transformation

metaphysics

n 玄学,形而上学
a branch of philosophy that investigates the ultimate nature of reality

metereological

adj 气象的
concerned with the weather

meticulous

adj 小心谨慎的
very careful; picky; fastidious

mettle

n 勇气;忍耐力
courage; endurance

mettlesome

adj 勇敢的;精神饱满的
full of courage and fortitude

microcosm

n 1- 缩影 2- 微观宇宙;微观世界
a small system having analogies to a larger system
opp. macrocosm

militate

v 发对
to work against

minatory

adj 恐吓的;威胁的
threatening; menacing

minuscule

adj 极小的
very small

minutiae
(mi-noo-shee-uh)

n 细节
The small, precise, or trivial details of something
e.g. the minutiae of everyday life

misanthrope

n 厌恶人类者;厌世者
one who hates humanity; one who dislikes others

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set