consisting of two houses
a charter agreed to by King John of England that granted nobles certain rights and restricted the King's powers
Petition of Rights
a document signed by Charles I of England that limited the powers of the English monarch.
English Bill of Rights
Documents signed by King William that stated that English monarchs would no longer be able to enact laws, raise taxes, or keep an army without Parliament's consent.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut:
a framework of laws agreed to by settlers of the Connecticut colonies that put limits on the power of government and gave all free men the right to choose judges.
a colony that was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, in exchange for a yearly payment.
colonies directly controlled by the English king through appointed governors who served as the colonies' chief executive
colonies based on a grant of land by the British Crown to a company or a group of settlers
New England Confederation
an alliance formed in 1643 by the Plymouth, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, and New Haven colonies in order to defend themselves from threats posed by Native Americans and by settlers from nearby Dutch colonies.
alliance of six Native American nations (the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora) formed in 1570 to end wars between the nations and to resist European takeover.
Albany Plan of Union
first plan for uniting the colonies; proposed by Ben Franklin.
law passed by the English Parliament that required government tax stamp on paper good and all legal documents, such as contracts and licenses.
First Continental Congress
a meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to respond to the abuses of authority by the British government.
Second Continental Congress
a meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to react to fighting between colonists and British troops at Lexington and Concord.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
a declaration of citizens' rights issued by the Virginia Convention.
Articles of Confederation
the document that created the first central government for the United States; it was replaced by the Constitution in 1789.
legislation passed by Congress to establish a plan for settling the Northwest TErritory, which included areas that are now in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota & Wisconsin.
the revolt led by former Revolutionary War captain Daniel Shays to prevent judges in Massachusetts from foreclosing on the farms of farmers who could not pay taxes the state had levied.
delegates of the Constitutional Convention who developed the framework for the government and wrote the Constitution
the plan for government in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with representation determined by state population.
New Jersey Plan
a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead of representation by population
an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state's population would determine representation in the lower house of the legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house.
an agreement stating that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted when determining a state's population for representation in the lower house of Congress.
group of people who supported the adoption of the U.S Constitution and a strong national government
group of people who opposed the adoption of the U.S Constitution
the pen name that Framers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay used when writing the Federalist Papers; Latin for "public man"
a collection of essays on the principles of government written in defense of the Constitution in 1787 and 1788
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S Constitution concerning basic individual liberties.