Alexander the Great
Tutored by Aristotle, he became one of history's most successful generals
Included landlike Egypt and the Persian Empire, but in his early 30s he died of mysterious fever
Empire started to disintegrate soon after his death (his generals, who killed his son, set up their own states: 3 in all)
What happened to the Alexander's empire after his death?
Helped spread Greek ideas through colonization opened Indian Buddhist-Hindu world to Western trade, disrupted Northern India power balance, leading to Mauryan dynasty, Greek became common language of discourse in Eastern Mediterranean and West Asia
What were the consequences of Alexander's conquests?
They were enormous but short-lived
What were the nature and fate of the three kingdoms?
What was Alexander's vision in theory and reality?
Historians disagree about whether he had a lofty vision of human dignity, but we know that he did give political and social equality to the ruling families of the conquered (so that he was a brutal conqueror)