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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. temporal lobes
  2. nerves
  3. narcolepsy
  4. association areas
  5. endorphins
  1. a bundled axons that form neural "cables" connecting the central nervous system with muscles, glands, and sense organs.
  2. b "morphine within"-natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control to pleasure.
  3. c areas of the cerebral cortex that are primarily involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.
  4. d sleep disorder in which a person has uncontrollable sleep attacks, sometimes lapsing directly into REM sleep.
  5. e portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes ares that receive information from the ears.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the body's skeletal muscles. Also called the skeletal nervous system.
  2. neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory receptors to the central nervous system.
  3. neurons that communicate internally and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs.
  4. chemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
  5. the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.

5 True/False Questions

  1. biological psychologyneural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives.


  2. thresholdthe level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse.


  3. autonomic nervous systemthe division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.


  4. occipital lobesportion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; includes areas that receive information from the visual fields.


  5. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)a technique for revealing bloodflow and therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. show brain function.


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