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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. opiates
  2. plasticity
  3. narcolepsy
  4. axons
  5. frontal lobes
  1. a neuron extensions that pass messages to other neurons or cells.
  2. b portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments.
  3. c chemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
  4. d the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience.
  5. e sleep disorder in which a person has uncontrollable sleep attacks, sometimes lapsing directly into REM sleep.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress.
  2. according to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream.
  3. chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine glands, travel through the bloodstream, and affect other tissues.
  4. portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
  5. an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech; controls language expression.

5 True/False Questions

  1. nervous systemthe body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems.


  2. sleep apneaa sleep disorder in which a sleeping person repeatedly stops breathing until blood oxygen is so low it awakens the person just long enough to draw a breath.


  3. sleepa sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind.


  4. endorphins"morphine within"-natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control to pleasure.


  5. reticular formationa nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal.


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