← Chapter 2 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- selective attention
- inattentional blindness
- fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)
- a a technique for revealing bloodflow and therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. show brain function.
- b the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing.
- c failure to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere.
- d focusing conscious awareness on a particular stimulus.
- e our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- condition in which the brain's two hemispheres are isolated by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them.
- a sleep disorder in which a sleeping person repeatedly stops breathing until blood oxygen is so low it awakens the person just long enough to draw a breath.
- a neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion.
- false sensory experiences, such as hearing something in the absence of an external auditory stimulus.
- the level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse.
5 True/False Questions
adrenal glands → portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments.
Broca's area → an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech; controls language expression.
motor neurons → neurons that communicate internally and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs.
REM rebound → the tendency for REM sleep to increases following REM sleep deprivation (created by repeated awakenings during REM sleep).
pituitary gland → a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress.