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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. sleep
  2. reticular formation
  3. hypothalamus
  4. autonomic nervous system
  5. synapse
  1. a the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs (such as the heart). Its sympathetic division arouses; its parasympathetic division calms.
  2. b a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal.
  3. c the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron.
  4. d periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness-as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation.
  5. e a neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech; controls language expression.
  2. our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
  3. a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress.
  4. a technique for revealing bloodflow and therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. show brain function.
  5. a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind.

5 True/False questions

  1. motor cortexarea at the rear of the frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements.


  2. dendritesbundled axons that form neural "cables" connecting the central nervous system with muscles, glands, and sense organs.


  3. cerebral cortexthin layer of interconnected neurons covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center.


  4. neuronbundled axons that form neural "cables" connecting the central nervous system with muscles, glands, and sense organs.


  5. parasympathetic nervous systemthe division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy.


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