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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. endocrine system
  2. synapse
  3. opiates
  4. alpha waves
  5. reticular formation
  1. a the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
  2. b chemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
  3. c the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron.
  4. d relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
  5. e a nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role in controlling arousal.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; includes areas that receive information from the visual fields.
  2. the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing.
  3. a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress.
  4. failure to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere.
  5. recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches), but other body systems are active.

5 True/False questions

  1. peripheral nervous system (PNS)the sensory and motor neurons connecting the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.


  2. sensory cortexthin layer of interconnected neurons covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center.


  3. parasympathetic nervous systemthe division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy.


  4. neuronneuron extensions that pass messages to other neurons or cells.


  5. all-or-none responseneurons that carry incoming information from the sensory receptors to the central nervous system.


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