← Chapter 2 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- sensory cortex
- parietal lobes
- split brain
- circadian rhythm
- a condition in which the brain's two hemispheres are isolated by cutting the fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them.
- b two lima-bean-sized neural clusters in the limbic system; linked to emotion.
- c the biological clock; regular-bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle.
- d portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
- e area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- area at the top of the brainstem; directs sensory messages to the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla.
- false sensory experiences, such as hearing something in the absence of an external auditory stimulus.
- subfield of psychology that studies the connections between our brain activity and the processes of thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
- thin layer of interconnected neurons covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center.
- chemicals, such as opium, morphine, and heroin, that depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
5 True/False Questions
pituitary gland → a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones (epinephrine and norepinephrine) that help arouse the body in times of stress.
PET (positron emission tomography) scan → a view of brain activity showing where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task.
endorphins → "morphine within"-natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control to pleasure.
dream → a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind.
latent content → according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream.