life span development chapter 1 quiz review

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development

the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the life span . involves growth, and includes decline brought on by aging and dying

life-span perspective

says the development is life long, multidimensional, multideirectional, plastic, multidisciplinarym and contextural m involes growthm maintenance, and regulation, and is constructed though biological, sociocultural, and individual factors working together

multidimentional development

age you body, mind, your emotions, and relationships

multidirectional development

some dinmensions will expand and contract, ex a language is acuqired early in development, capacity for learning a new one decreases in later life

Development is plastic or plasticity

capacity to change

Contextual development

context: family, eers, schoools, cities, neighbohoods, university, and so on. Settings.

Multidisiplinary dev. in developmental science

psychologist, sociologists, anthropologist, neuroscientist, and medical researchers

normative age-graded influences

influences that are similar for indiv in a part grp

normative history graded influences

influences that are common to peo;e of a particular generation due to historical circumstances

normative life events

unusual occurances with a big impact

culture

BEHAVIOR PATTERNS, BELIEFS, AND OTHER PRODUCTS OF A GROUP PASSED ON FROM GERATION TO GERAION

cross-cultural studies

comparison of 1 culture to another

ethnicity

a characteristic based on cultural heritag, nationalitly race , religion and lanuage

socioeconomic status

refers to the grouping people with similar status

gender

male or female

social policy

gov'ts cours of action to promote the welfare of its citizens.

Biological process

changes in an ind., physical nature

Cognitive process

change in ind. thought mintelligence, and language

Socioemotional processes

change in a ind. relationship with others emotions, and personality

Nature vs nature

suggests that either genetics(nature) or the enviornment (nature) played a role in producing behavior, traits, disorders, or anything human.

stability-change issue

involves the degree to whcih early traits and characteristics persist through life or change .... traits/characterists remain the same --> the can change (personality, temperament)

continuity-discontinuity issue

Focuses on the extent to which development involves gradual cumulative change (continuity) or distinct stages (discontinuity).

psychoanalytical theories

freudian- describes development as unconscious and heavily colored by emotion. behavior is merely a surface characteristic

scientific method

4 step process: 1) have a subject 2)collect and research data 3)analyze data 4)draw conclusion

theory

an interrealated, set of ideas that help explain phenomena and make predictions

hypothesis

specific assetions and predictions that can be tested

Ericksons theory(psychosocial

Believed in 8 stages of dev. each stage consists of unique task that confronts ind. with a crisis that must be resolved

Frued theories

oral, anal, phalic, latency, genital

piagets theory(discontinuity stand)

states that children actively construct their understanding of the world and go through four stages of cognitve devolpment

Piagets sensorimotor stage

b-2 - lacks mental representation or object permanence

Piagets 2nd stage:

Preoperational- 2-7 Language stage, have object permanence -egocentric(world revolves around them) unable to conserve(or think or two things similtaniously

Piagets 3rd stage

Concrete operational- 7-11
conserves(can think of 2 or more things) logical reasoning,

Piagets 4th stage of dev.

Formal operational 11-adult
abstract concepts

PKU

a genetic disorder of metabolism, A human metabolic disease caused by a mutation in a gene coding for a phenylalanine processing enzyme (phenylalanine hydroxylase), which leads to accumulation of phenylalanine and mental retardation if not treated; inherited as an autosomal recessive phenotype.

Continuity

Gradual or lifelong change

Continuity

Gradual or lifelong change

Discontinuity

change occurs in stages of development

Discontinuity

change occurs in stages of development

EGO

involves how development occurs thru: emotional, problem solving , control

EGO

involves how development occurs thru: emotional, problem solving , control

Ericsons stages of develpment are classified as:

Psychosocial Development in 8 separate stages.in which a crisis or task must be addressed.

Ericsons stages of develpment are classified as:

Psychosocial Development in 8 separate stages.in which a crisis or task must be addressed.

Ericksons 1st stage

Trust vs. mistrust: B-1yr. (critical for ego, and is the foundation for later relationships)

Ericksons 1st stage

Trust vs. mistrust: B-1yr. (critical for ego, and is the foundation for later relationships)

Ericksons 2nd stage:

Autonomy vs. Shame: 1-3: stage of independance, when child disovers behaviour is their own

Ericksons 2nd stage:

Autonomy vs. Shame: 1-3: stage of independance, when child disovers behaviour is their own

Ericksons 3rd stage of dev:

Initiatvie vs., Guilt 3-5 yrs: Initiative: playing house, building , ect. Guilt: saying the picture is not good

Ericksons 3rd stage of dev:

Initiatvie vs., Guilt 3-5 yrs: Initiative: playing house, building , ect. Guilt: saying the picture is not good

Ericksons 4th stage of develop:

Industry vs Inferiority: 5-11 yrs: mastering knowledge and intellectual skills, negative outcome is inferiority:made to feel bad,dsruptive child, off task

Ericksons 4th stage of develop:

Industry vs Inferiority: 5-11 yrs: mastering knowledge and intellectual skills, negative outcome is inferiority:made to feel bad,dsruptive child, off task

Ericksons 5th stage of dev

Identity vs. Role confusion: 12-18, child develops identity, finding who they are and what they want

Ericksons 5th stage of dev

Identity vs. Role confusion: 12-18, child develops identity, finding who they are and what they want

Ericsons 6th stage of dev.

Intimacy vs. Isolation: 18-40: relationship or not

Ericsons 6th stage of dev.

Intimacy vs. Isolation: 18-40: relationship or not

Erikson7th stage of dev.:

Genertivity vs Stagnation: 40-50, middle adulthood, looking beyond self, thinking about future, involved im community, neg outcome: stagnation

Erikson7th stage of dev.:

Genertivity vs Stagnation: 40-50, middle adulthood, looking beyond self, thinking about future, involved im community, neg outcome: stagnation

Ericsons final stage of dev 8th:

Egointegrity vs Despair 60 and upward, Egointegrity:reflects on past happily, Despair: regrets.

Ericsons final stage of dev 8th:

Egointegrity vs Despair 60 and upward, Egointegrity:reflects on past happily, Despair: regrets.

Social Learning theories:

watching otheres

Social Learning theories:

watching otheres

Operant Conditioning:

Reinforcement in either a:reward or a punishment

Operant Conditioning:

Reinforcement in either a:reward or a punishment

Longitudal Studies

studies done on a particular type of child over a span of time.

Longitudal Studies

studies done on a particular type of child over a span of time.

Cells have a nucleus made up of

chromosomes

Cells have a nucleus made up of

chromosomes

Chromosomes are made up of

DNA

Chromosomes are made up of

DNA

DNA have short segments called

genes

DNA have short segments called

genes

Genes are made up of

proteins AT CG

Genes are made up of

proteins AT CG

a S.N.P is

a single necleotide plymorphism, an abnormal gens or misplaced gene

a S.N.P is

a single necleotide plymorphism, an abnormal gens or misplaced gene

Down Syndrome

Children born with an xtra chromosome, Trisomy 21: resulting in mental retardation/physical abnormalities

Down Syndrome

Children born with an xtra chromosome, Trisomy 21: resulting in mental retardation/physical abnormalities

Klienfelters syndrom

have and xtra X :ie:XXY: result is tall, with larger breast, underdeveloped testes: low sperm production

Klienfelters syndrom

have and xtra X :ie:XXY: result is tall, with larger breast, underdeveloped testes: low sperm production

Fragile X syndrome

X chromosome is weak, (mostly males)fragile can break off: effects Cognition and planning , judgement, consistancy

Fragile X syndrome

X chromosome is weak, (mostly males)fragile can break off: effects Cognition and planning , judgement, consistancy

Turner syndrome:

Female syndrome: XX becomes XO, resulting inshort starue, webbed neck, possible infertility and Difficulty with math, verbal ability is GOOD, Treatment: hormone therapy in childhood and puberty

Turner syndrome:

Female syndrome: XX becomes XO, resulting inshort starue, webbed neck, possible infertility and Difficulty with math, verbal ability is GOOD, Treatment: hormone therapy in childhood and puberty

XYY syndrome

In males an xtra Y:resulting in taller more aggressive men

XYY syndrome

In males an xtra Y:resulting in taller more aggressive men

Sickle cell anemia

Red blood cells shaped in cresent and cant carry oxygen as quickly, causing anemia and death

Sickle cell anemia

Red blood cells shaped in cresent and cant carry oxygen as quickly, causing anemia and death

Cystic Fibrosis

glandular abnormality, causing extra mucous prodution(excessive)

Cystic Fibrosis

glandular abnormality, causing extra mucous prodution(excessive)

Diabetes

Not producing enough insulin, causing nueropathy

Diabetes

Not producing enough insulin, causing nueropathy

Hemophilia

Blood clotting disorder

Hemophilia

Blood clotting disorder

Huntingtons disease

Cental nervous system deteriorates, and muscles, occurance 35 and older death occurs with in 10-20 yrs after symptoms appear

Huntingtons disease

Cental nervous system deteriorates, and muscles, occurance 35 and older death occurs with in 10-20 yrs after symptoms appear

Spina Bifada

Nueral tube disorder

Spina Bifada

Nueral tube disorder

Tay Saks

Mental/Physical deceleration(build up of Fats(lipids) in the CNA-More likely in JEWS

Tay Saks

Mental/Physical deceleration(build up of Fats(lipids) in the CNA-More likely in JEWS

Mitosis

cells dividing

Mitosis

cells dividing

Meiosis

Gametes

Meiosis

Gametes

Egg(ovum)has how many chromosomes

23

Egg(ovum)has how many chromosomes

23

sperm has how many chromosomes

23 with 46 total in human reproduction half from mom and half from dad

sperm has how many chromosomes

23 with 46 total in human reproduction half from mom and half from dad

germinal period

the period of prenatal dev. that takes place in the 1st two weeks after conception, includes the creation of the zygote, contiued cell division and the attachmet of the zygote to the uterine wall(considered mitosis)

germinal period

the period of prenatal dev. that takes place in the 1st two weeks after conception, includes the creation of the zygote, contiued cell division and the attachmet of the zygote to the uterine wall(considered mitosis)

blastocyst

the inner layer of cells tht develop during the germinal period cells later develop into the embryo.

blastocyst

the inner layer of cells tht develop during the germinal period cells later develop into the embryo.

prenatal gestation

has 3 trimesters

prenatal gestation

has 3 trimesters

1st trimester of pregnancy

1-3 months-germinal period:cell division by mitosis, cels have specialized for different tasks

1st trimester of pregnancy

1-3 months-germinal period:cell division by mitosis, cels have specialized for different tasks

2nd trimester of pregnancy

3-6 months embrionic period: rate of cell defferentation intensifies, and organs appear

2nd trimester of pregnancy

3-6 months embrionic period: rate of cell defferentation intensifies, and organs appear

3rd and final stage of gestation

6-9 months fetal period:

3rd and final stage of gestation

6-9 months fetal period:

Teratogen

any agent that causes a birth defect .

Teratogen

any agent that causes a birth defect .

Low birth weight in preterm infants

less than 5.5 lbs

Low birth weight in preterm infants

less than 5.5 lbs

preterm infant

born 3wks or more before full term

preterm infant

born 3wks or more before full term

apgar scale

scoe of 7 = perfect baby

apgar scale

scoe of 7 = perfect baby

small for date infants

an infant with weghts below normal when the length of pregnany is considered . can be preterm or full term

small for date infants

an infant with weghts below normal when the length of pregnany is considered . can be preterm or full term

Thalidomide

a teratogen use for morning sickness in mothers, causing birth defects,

Thalidomide

a teratogen use for morning sickness in mothers, causing birth defects,

fetal alcohol syndrome

a cluster of abnormalities that apear in the offspring of moms who drink alscohol heavily during pregnancy

fetal alcohol syndrome

a cluster of abnormalities that apear in the offspring of moms who drink alscohol heavily during pregnancy

children born with cocaine addictions

likely to have neurological , medical and cognitive deficitys

children born with cocaine addictions

likely to have neurological , medical and cognitive deficitys

Marijuana effects on offspring

lower intelligence, also predisposal of the teen using at early age

Marijuana effects on offspring

lower intelligence, also predisposal of the teen using at early age

Heroin in offspring

behavioral difficulties and tremors irritablily abnormal crying, disturbed sleep, impaired motor control.

Heroin in offspring

behavioral difficulties and tremors irritablily abnormal crying, disturbed sleep, impaired motor control.

methanphetamine and the offfspring

high infant mortality lbw,and dev andbehavioral problems memory deficits

methanphetamine and the offfspring

high infant mortality lbw,and dev andbehavioral problems memory deficits

nicotine and the offspring

lbw, preterm births and neonatal deaths

nicotine and the offspring

lbw, preterm births and neonatal deaths

alcohol and the offspring

facil deformities and dective limbs, gace hear, impainred math ability and multiple reagions of the brain, Us surgeon recommends no alcohol consumtion during pregnancy is safe.

alcohol and the offspring

facil deformities and dective limbs, gace hear, impainred math ability and multiple reagions of the brain, Us surgeon recommends no alcohol consumtion during pregnancy is safe.

caffeine and pregnancy

women who consumed 2oo or more milligrams of caffeine a day increase risk of miscarriage and to do so sparingly

caffeine and pregnancy

women who consumed 2oo or more milligrams of caffeine a day increase risk of miscarriage and to do so sparingly

Amniocentisis

extraction of ambiotic fluid for testing chromosomal abnormalities

Amniocentisis

extraction of ambiotic fluid for testing chromosomal abnormalities

Sonogram

ultrasound to view physicality of unborn infants(created by sound waves)

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