Social Studies unit test european exploration (Terrell)

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"wrap it up questions" on pg.49

Ocean currents played an important role in exploration. The best way European sailors learned to handle ocean currents was by______?

riding with them

Vasco da Gama found the first all-water route to Asia. What country did he sail for?

Portugal

Which explorer laid the basis for Spanish claims in the Americas?

Christopher Columbus

The voyage of Ferdinand Magellan was the first to_____________?

circumnavigate the globe

Australia and New Zealand are in the southern Pacific Ocean. Which nation claimed these lands?

England

What inventions helped early European explorers navigate at sea?

rudder, compass, astrolobe

Europeans learned about the astrolobe through contact with__________?

arab traders

The compass used a magnetized needle to help determine__________?

direction

News of the invention of gunpowder traveled from China westward by way of the_____?

the silk road

European explorers first used gunpowder to take enslaved captives in______?

West Africa

Which Spanish conqueror captured the Inca Empire in South America?

Francisco Pizzaro

Which European countries built plantation colonies in what is now the Southeastern region of the United States?

Spain, France and England

Trading post empires were the most loosely controlled settlements. The largest trading post empire in North America was built by_____?

France

Plantation colonies usually prospered in warm climates. Based on this information, where do you think France established its plantation colonies?

West Indies

What did English colonist do to Native Americans?

Pushed them off their lands

In what is now New England, English settlers mostly built_____?

settler colonies

When English settlers came to North America, they demanded______?

self government

Which groups did the African Slave trade take part in?

African kingdoms, Muslim traders and European traders

Which nation used enslaved Africans to become the world's largest sugar producer in the 1600s?

Portugal

What are some things that played an important role in the triangular trade?

enslaved Africans, molasses, guns

At first, Europeans tried to solve the labor shortage by using_____?

native americans

The biggest forced migration of people in history took place out of ______?

Africa

Enslaved Africans protested bondage in all of the following ways:

running away, rebelling, taking control of slave ships

What countries were directly involved in the Columbian exchange?

Africa, North American and Europe

What was the goal of mercantilism?

acquire gold and silver through trade

Capitalism works in part, on the principle of supply and demand. What is supply and demand?

as demand goes up, prices go up

What is the biggest difference between capitalism and mercantilism?

it wanted to keep government out of business

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