Sewing Machine Parts and Functions

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Seam Guide/Throat Plate

Keeps seam straight and even

Feed Dog

Moves the fabric through the machine

Presser Foot

Holds the fabric down against the feed dog while stitching

Needle

Thread through eye, front to back

Presser Foot Dial

Controls the height of the presser foot

Tension Control

Controls the tightness and looseness of thread (leave alone)

Spool Pin

Holds the spool of the thread

Thread Guide for Bobbin Winder

Directs the thread to the bobbin when winding

Bobbin Case

Where the bobbin is placed when winding the bobbin

Handwheel

Controls the up and down movement

Speed Control

Controls the speed of the machine

Needle Position

Raises and lowers the needle

Presser Foot Lifter

Lifts and lowers the presser foot (silently)

Stop/Start Button

For sewing without a pedal

Backstitch Button

Makes a backstitch

Stitch Width

Controls the width of the stitch (zigzag)

Stitch Length

Controls the length of the stitch (short-long)

Backstitch Button

Press to automatically sew reverse or reinforce stitches at the beginning or end of stitching

Needle Stop Position Key

Used when pivoting. If the key is lit, the sewing machine will stop with the needle in the fabric. If the key is not lit, the machine will stop with the needle raised.

Free Arm

Removable part that allows you to sew in small areas easier

On/ Off Button

Turns the machine on and off

Thread Cutter

Razor to cut threads when finished sewing

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