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Mercantilism

Theory that a countries power depended on its wealth

Salutary Neglect

Friendly neglect; Britain makes laws for America but doesn't enforce them/leaves them alone

Boycott

To refuse to buy/sell/trade with another

constitution

written plan of government

Southern Colonies

Plantations for farming, slave labor, "cash crops" rice, tobacco, indigo, cotton

Middle Colonies

"Bread Basket" colonies, wheat and grain crops

New England

Small, independant farms (just self-sufficient)

Middle Colonies

fur trade, iron works, NY and PA are fastest growing colonies

New England

Whale oil, fish, lumber, shipbuilding (became master shipbuilders), furniture, created denser port cities

Southern Colonies

Naval stores, turpentine/resin for shipbuilding (became known as the tarheels), cotton (textiles), no big cities because of rivers

John Locke

Influenced the Declaration of Ind. with his enlightenment writing

Baron de Montesqiueu

Wrote about the seperation of powers in government

Rosseau

Wrote the "Social Contract" and spoke of the relationship between government and the people

Magna Carta

written document between King John and Nobles that gave them equal treatment under the law, and HABEUS CORPUS- "without the body"

Glorious Revolution

Parliament appointed William and Mary to take the throne without any bloodshed or fighting

Pilgrims/Mayflower Compact

an agreement among the group of people on the ship sailing to the new world the established a DIRECT DEMOCRACY seen in New England today

French and Indian War

The war that made America

Declatory Act

Asserts Britain and British parliament to have exclusive rights to legislate and tax colonies as they pleased

Results of 1st Continental Congress

event that lead to deciding to boycott british goods and ended in deciding to see what happened (waiting for future events)

Results of 2nd Continental Congress

passed the declaration of independance, declaring the colonies free from britain

common law

law based on court decisions rather than legislations written by lawmakers

Precedence

ruling on a similar case that was similar

Coercive Acts

Intolerable Acts

Inalienable Rights

life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

Common Sense

Thomas Paine was the author and it convinced a lot of people that independance from Britain was necessary

Lexintgon and Concord, Yorktown

First and last battles of the revolutionary war

Daniel Shays

Led a rebellion that led to the ending of the Articles of Confederation and the development of the US constitution

no executive of judicial branches, only created a unicameral legislature, 2/3 of the majority of states was necessary to pass laws, amendments needed a unanimous yes vote, no national identity or pride

failures of the Art. of Conf.

set plan for the expansion of the nation, created the Northwest Ordinance, gave congress the power to limit slavery in hew territories (new ordinance)

Successes of the Art. of Confederation

Northwest Ordinance 1787

created the method of approving new states as equal to the old states, admittied new states and territories into the US is under congress's jurisdiction

Rhode island, believed the government would have too much power under the constitution

which state didn't go to the constitutional convention and why

they are all bi-cameral (have two houses)

how are the English Parliament, US Congress, and the NC General Assembly similar?

The Preamble, followed by seven articles, then 27 amendments

layout of the constitution

Article 1-Legislative Branch, Article 2- Executive Branch, Article 3- Judicial Branch

What are the first three articles of the constitution?

Article Four

full faith and credit

Article 6

The supremecy clause

article 7

describes process for ratification of the constitution

Attended the Constitutional Convention

Ben Franklin, George Washington (president of Convention), James Madison, missing T. Jefferson (in France as ambassador)

oldest delagate at convention

ben franklin

executive branch

enforces law

expressed powers

powers of federal government

reserved powers

rights reserved to the states

concurrent powers

powers both the state and the national government have

number of senators plus number of representatives

electoral college number

2/3 of congress and 3/4 of the states

formula for approving amendments of the constitution

NJ plan

one house senate with equal representation per state

VA plan

bicameral legislature, one based on population, other chosen by members of the house

CT plan/great comprimise

proposed by roger sherman and oliver ellsworth and was adopted, bicameral house of reps based on state population and a senate with equal representation

3/5th comprimise

every slave counted as 3/5th of a person

federal system

powers split between state and nat'l gov't

veto power

the power to stop a law from coming into effect

ratify

accept

federalists

approved of the constitution and a federal system

anti-federalists

dissaproved of federalism and the constitution

amend

change

halifax resolves

NC became the first colonial gov't to call for total independance from great britain with this event

Mecklenburg Resolves

decided that all offices appointed by the british gov't were vacant and that the provincial congress was the only lawful government in the colony

april 12, 1776

nc declares independance from britain

declaration of rights

found in article one of the NC constitution

how many counties are there in nc

100 counties

where is the right to an education found

section 15

in 1996 an amendment

allows governer to veto legislation

power to tax and spend money- congress, NC General Assembly, etc

power of the purse and who has it

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