subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression
non-dramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative
a rigid 14-line verse form, with variable structure and rhyme scheme according to type
Shakespearian sonnet (English)
three quatrains and concluding couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg
an octave and sestet, between which a break in thought occurs. abba abba cde cde
elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
unrhymed lines without regular rhythm
a long, dignified narrative poem which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race
a lyric poem in which the speaker addresses himself to persons around him; his speech deals with a dramatic moment in his life and manifests his character
a poem of lament, meditating on the death on an individual
simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited: the folk ballad is anonymously handed down, while the literary ballad has a single author
lyric poetry describing the life of the shepherd in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic terms
french verse form, strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; five tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. lines 1, 6, 12, 18, and 3,9,15,19 are refrain
general category of poetry written to entertain, such as lyric poetry, epigrams, and limericks. it can also have a serious side as in parody or satire.
japanese verse in three lines of five, seven, and five syllables, often depicting a delicate image
meter is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables established in a line of poetry.
a foot is a unit of meter
the iambic foot is a two-syllable foot with the stress on the second syllable. the iambic foot is the most common foot in english
ex: a jug/ of wine/ a loaf/ of bread/ and thou.
the trochaic foot consists of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable. opposite of iamb.
ex: fire/ burn and/ cauldron/ bubble
three syllables with the stress on the last syllable. opposite of dacytl.
ex: with the sheep/ in the fold/ and the cows/ in their stalls
the spondaic foot consists of two stressed syllables. compound words are examples of spondees. they are used for variation.
ex: heartbreak, childhood, football
the dactylic foot contains three syllables with the stress on the first syllable. opposite of anapest.
ex: love again/ song again/ nest again/ young again.
the pyrrhic foot consists of two unstressed syllables. this type of foot is rare and is found interspersed with other feet.
one foot line
two foot line
three foot line
four foot line
five foot line
six foot line
seven foot line
eight foot line
rhymed verse consists of verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter
blank verse consists of lines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme
free verse consists of lines that do not have a regular meter and do not contain rhyme
the similarity of likeness of sound existing between two words
occurs when one syllable of a wrod rhymes with another word
ex: bend and send; bright and light
occurs when the last two syllables of a word rhyme with another word
lawful and awful; lighting and fighting (women ruling)
occurs when the last three syllables of a word or line rhyme
victorious and glorious; ascendency and descendency; quivering and shivering; battering and shattering
the repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of verse
use of a word to represent or imitate natural sounds (buzz, crunch tingle, gurgle, sizzle, hiss)
the similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words. lake and fate, base and fate
the repetition of consonant sounds
ex: but Such a tide aS moving SeemS aSleep
is the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza. the refrain often takes the form of a chorus
ex: tobacco is a dirty weed: i like it. it satisfies no normal need: i like it...
reiterating of a word or phrase within a poem
direct or explicit comparison between two usually unrelated things using like or as
the technique of mentioning part of something to represent the whole
ex: all hands on deck!
subsitution of a word naming an object for another word closely associated with it
ex: pay tribute to the crown, the white house has spoken
a narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface one
balancing or contrasting of one term against another
ex: man proposes, god disposes
the addressing of someone or something usually not present, as though present
ex: captain, my captain, fearful trip is done
a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements
a compacy paradox- a figure of speech that combines two contradictory words, placed side by side
six line stanza
seven line stanza
four line stanza
eight line stanza
consists of two successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought within the two lines. it usually consists of iambic pentameter lines. (sometimes called a closed couplet)
three line stanza form with an interlaced or interwoven rhyme scheme
five line nonsens poem with an anapestic meter
consists of four lines with a rhyme scheme of a b c b
consistsing of seven lines of iambic pentameter rhyming a b a b b cc king james I used it
consists of eight iambic pentameter lines
nine line stanza consisting of eight iambic pentameter lines followed by an alexandrine
an element in a story that is out of its time frame
a short and often personal story used to emphasize a point
the word or phrase to which a pronoun refers
a terse statement that expresses a general truth or moral principle
a character, situation, or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in lterature, myth, religion or folklore
a far-fetched comparison between two seemingly unlike things. extended metaphor that gains appeal from its unusual or extraordinary comparison
in poetry, the running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza into the next without stopping at the end of the first
a short story illustrating a moral or religious lesson
a poem, play or story that celebrates and idealizes the simple life of shepherds and shepherdesses