Had to have access to Atlantic Ocean Discovery of America lead to mercantilism. Trade based on natural resources.
William/Mary take over after James II was driven from power in England; bloodless Revolution. Begin Constitutional monarchy.
Important center for religions such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Camp David Accords 1978 - diplomatic negotiations. Israel - homeland for Jews.
Treaty of Paris 1783
Ended American Revolution; Gave America their independence from Great Britain.
Industrial Revolution Began in Great Britian
Technology was used to change the economy Mechanization/technology - Use of Machines to mass produce goods.
United Nations (UN)
Established at the end of WWII to international peace and security.
League of Nations
Idea of President Woodrow Wilson in his 14 points. Began foreign policy of Isolationism.
Treaty of Varsailles
Ended WWI, Punished Germany through reparations; leades to WWII.
Nazi Germany's policy toward Jews at the end of WWII.
Hitler: Fascist leader of Germany during WWII.
Caused the outbreak of WWI in Europe. WWI start because of Balkan nationalism - ethic groups have strong sense of nationalism (price in identify)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Controls oil prices and production.
Leader of Indian Independence by civil disobedience.
Influences the fight for civil rights in South Africa and America.
Spanish Exploration - "Old World Meets New World"
Referred to as Columbian Exchange = European nations bring new products/ideas/animals/plants to the Americas; take back to Europe items from New World.
Church of England (English Reformation)
Was Catholic before Henry VIII.
Protestant was what he changed it to the Anglican Church.
Believed in Heliocentric solar system - earth revolved around the sun.
The process of Reasoning could explain happenings in nature.
Newton - developed scientific theories for gravity and motion.
Rebirth of ideas from Greece and Rome.
Started in Florence, Italy (southern Italy) - b/c good trade location.
Printing Press (Gutenberg) used to spread ideas during the Renaissance and Reformation.
Napolean - FRANCE
First leader of newly created French Republic 1804 - ended royal (monarchy) rule.
Fought for Democratic government of the people.
Royal Russian family rule up to 1917
Nicholas II last Romanov Ruler
Bolshevik Revolution: 1917
Workers revolt against the Czar Nicholas II
This takes over Russia and begin a social system under Vladimir Lenin
royal German/Austria ruling family up to 1918.
Associated with Balkinization Nationalism. Leading up to WWI (1918) Different ethnicities that resided in the Central European territories under.