Ch.5 Vocab

Created by mccainisamazing 

Upgrade to
remove ads

22 terms

granite

generally light- colored rock that has high silica content

rock-forming mineral

one of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's crust

basalt

dark colored-rock, low silica content

grains

particles of minerals or other rocks

texture

look and feel of rock's surface

igneous rock

forms from cooling of magma or lava

sedimentary rock

forms when particles of other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together

metamorphic rock

forms when existing rock is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions

extrusive rock

igneous rock formed from lava that erupted into earth's surface

intrusive rock

igneous rock that formed when magma hardened beneath earth's surface

sediment

small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things

erosion

running water, wind, or ice loosen and carry away fragments of rock

deposition

process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it

compaction

process that presses sediments together

cementation

process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediments together

clastic rock

sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together

organic rock

forms where the remains of plants and animals are deposited in thick layers

chemical rock

forms when minerals that are dissolved in a solution crystallize

coral reef

structure formed from skeletons

foliated

mettamorphic rocks that have their grains arranged in parallel layers of bands

nonfoliated

mineral grains in rocks arranged randomly

rock cycle

series of proccesses on earth's surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly change rocks from one another

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set