Vocabulary Power Plus for the New SAT Book III — Unit #10

150 terms by EdwardsBFHS 

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pedestrian

ordinary or dull

bona fide

in good faith

adventitious

accidential; nonessential

fecund

fertile; productive

deviate

to turn aside from a course; to stray

obfuscate

to confuse; to bewilder

impale

to pierce with a sharp stake through the body

extenuate

to lessen seriousness by providing partial excuses

parochial

local; narrow; limited

glower

to stare angrily

edify

improve someone morally

ambiguous

open to more than one interpretation

cataclysm

a violent change

optimum

best; most favorable; ideal

importune

to ask persistently; to beg

Impotent

powerless; lacking strength

Antithesis

an exact opposite

Maelstrom

whirlpool; turbulence

Emendation

a correction

Chagrin

embarrassment; a complete loss of courage

Bauble

a showy but useless thing

Diaphanous

very sheer and light

Labyrinth

a complicated network of winding passages

Gloat

to look or think with great satisfaction

Impediment

a barrier; obstruction

Bestial

savage; brutal

Effete

worn out; barren

Shard

a fragment

Bland

mild; tasteless; dull

Nihilism

a total rejection of establsihed laws

factious

causing disagreement

ignoble

dishonorable; shameful

boor

a rude or impolite person

aegis

a shield; protection

perspicacity

keenness of judgment

fervent

eager; earnest

rectify

to correct; make right

enervate

to weaken

besiege

to overwhelm; to surround and atack

ephemeral

lasting only a brief time; short-lived

altruism

a concern for others; generosity

carrion

decaying flesh

erotic

pertaining to sexual love

amorphous

shapeless, formless, vague

opulent

rich, luxurious; wealthy

celibate

abstaining from sex

fortuitous

happening by chance/accident

recapitulate

to summarize/to repeat briefly

perfunctory

done without care; in a routine fashion

baroque

overly decorated

hedonism

pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses

obloquy

strong disapproval; a bad reputation resulting from public criticism

debacle

a complete failure; a total collapse

quasi-

resembling; seeming; half

besmirch

to make dirty; to stain

imperative

extremely necessary; vitally important

sacrosanct

exteremely holy

sadistic

derving pleasure from inflicting pain on others

facetious

comical; jocular; flippant

demeanor

behavior; manor of conducting oneself

Adroit

adj. skillful; clever; dexterous; apt (ant: clumsy; awkward)

Macroscopic

adj. visible to the naked eye (ant: microscopic)

Fatuous

adj. foolish; inane; silly (ant: sensible, wise)

Bovine

adj. pertaining to cows or cattle

Ferret

v. to search or drive out

Affectation

n. a phony attitude; pose (syn: insincerity, sham; ant: sincerity; genuiness)

Knell

n. a sound made by a bell, often rung slowly for a death or funeral

Dichotomy

n. a division into two parts

Callow

adj. young and inexperienced (syn: immature; ant: mature, sophisticated)

Laconic

adj. using few words; short; concise (syn: pithy, taciturn; ant: verbose, loquacious)

Quiddity

n. an essential quality; essence

Patent

adj. evident or obvious (syn: indisputable, apparent)

Peccadillo

n. a minor offense; a misdeed

Sagacious

adj. wise; having keen perception and sound judgement (syn: shrewd, intelligent; ant: obtuse, fatuous)

Rationalize

v. to make an excuse for; to justify

Fop

n. an excessively fashion-conscious man (syn: dandy)

Imprecation

n. a curse (syn: condemnation; anathema; ant: blessing)

Non Sequitur

n. something that does not logically follow (syn: fallacy, misconception)

Sanguine

adj. cheerful, optimistic

Bowdlerize

v. to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc. (syn: censor)

Impair

v. to weaken; to cause to become worse (syn: damage, deteriorate; ant: enhance)

Panegyric

n. an expression of praise (syn: tribute, extolment; ant: denunciation)

Quandary

n. a puzzling situation; a dilemma (syn: predicament)

Ebullient

adj. enthusiastic (syn: exuberant, lively; ant: dejected, dispirited)

Deference

n. respect, consideration

Carnal

adj. relating to physical appetite, especially sexual (syn: erotic; ant: chaste, modest)

Nebulous

adj. hazy; vague; uncertain (syn: cloudy, indistinct, obscure; ant: precise)

Rakish

adj. dashingly stylish and confident (syn: dapper, jaunty; ant: slovenly, disheveled)

Elegy

n. a sad or mournful poem (syn: dirge, lament)

Pedantic

adj. tending to show off one's learning (syn: bookish)

Antipathy

n. an intense dislike (syn: aversion; ant: affinity)

Elucidate

v. to make clear (syn: explain, clarify; ant: obscure)

Imminent

adj. likely to happen (syn: impending, approaching; ant: distant, delayed)

Banal

adj. common, ordinary (syn: trivial, inspired; ant: original, fresh)

Obdurate

adj. stubborn, hardhearted (syn: inflexible, obstinate; ant: compliant, amenable)

Peruse

v. to read carefully, scrutinize

Bedlam

n. a noisy uproar; a scene of wild confusion (syn: mayhem, chaos)

Affluence

n. wealth, richness, fortune

Scurrilous

coarsely abusive; vulgar, indecent (ant: respectable)

Parody

n. a word which imitates another in a ridiculous manner (syn: caricature, burlesque, lampoon)

Sedulous

adj. hard working, diligent (syn: studious, assiduous; ant: lazy, lax)

Onerous

adj. burdensome; heavy; hard to endure (syn: crushing, distressing)

Amoral

adj. lacking a sense of right and wrong (syn: corrupt, evil; ant: innocent, virtuous)

Eschew

v. to keep away from; to avoid; to shun (ant: embrace, welcome)

Denouement

n. an outcome; result; conclusion

deride

to ridicule; to mock

censure

to criticize sharply

gambol

to frolic; to romp about playfully

immolate

to kill someone as a sacrificial victim, usually by fire

recondite

difficult to understand; profound

martinet

a strict disciplinarian; taskmaster

quagmire

a swamp; a difficult or inextricable situation

gibe

to scoff, to ridicule

agape

open-mouthed, surprised, agog

carcinogen

causing cancer

olfactory

pertaining to smell

imperious

domineering; haughty

grotesque

absurd; distorted

neologism

a new word or expression

hackneyed

commonplace; overused

machination

an evil design or plan

pejorative

having a negative effect; insulting

harbinger

an omen or sign

nubile

suitable for marriage in age and physical development, referring to a female

sapient

wise; full of knowledge

chimerical

imaginary; fantastic

masochist

one who enjoys his or her own pain and suffering

finesse

diplomacy; tact; artful management

heterogeneous

different; dissimilar

eclectic

choosing from various sources

grandiose

impressive; showy; magnificent

raiment

clothing; garments

blanch

to whiten; to make pale

hybrid

anything of mixed origin

idiosyncrasy

a peculiar personality trait

idolatry

excessive or blind adoration; worship of an object

adulterate

to make impure, to contaminate

emanate

to come forth; to send forth

garish

tastelessly gaudy

immutable

unchangeable, fixed

diadem

a crown

bucolic

pertaining to the countryside; rural, rustic

redolent

having a pleasant odor; suggestive or evocative

impecunious

without money; penniless

sedition

rebellion or resistance against the government

defile

to pollute, to corrupt

gratuitous

unnecessary or uncalled for

onus

a burden, responsibility, obligation

impious

disrespectful towards God

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