Anatomy 3

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study terms from week 1 & 2 - Respiratory and Urinary Systems.

internal respiration

The exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells.

bronchi - trachea - larynx - pharynx - nose

How air exits the respiratory system

pharynx

When air leaves the posterior nares, it enters the

respiration

The overall exchange of gases between the atmosphere, blood and tissue cells

25

Approximately how many order of branching are there from the trachea to the alveolar ducts?

laryngopharynx

The inferior section of the pharynx is the:

internal respiration

The process whereby oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide at the level of a body cell is called:

glottis

The opening between the pharynx and larynx is the

pharynx - larynx - trachea - bronchi

How does air enter the respiratory system?

the pharynx and middle ear

The eustacian tube forms a communication between

trachea

Upon inhalation, air leaving the pharynx will next pass through the:

diaphragm

Which muscle is functional in breathing?

pharynx

The funnel-like organ just posterior to the oral and nasal cavities is the

primary bronchi

Which structures results from the bifurcation of the trachea?

external respiration

The exchange of gases between the air sacs of the lungs and the pulmonary capillaries of the blood vascular system

bronchi - larynx - pharynx - trachea

The lower respiratory tract consists of all of the following except

epiglottis

This protective structure helps to keep food and fluids out of the airways:

fauces

The opening from the oral cavity into the pharynx

larynx

The passageway that connects the pharynx with the trachea is the

sternal angle or Angle of Louis (level of T5)

Where does the trachea bifurcate?

thyroid cartilage

Which cartilage forms the most anterior wall of the larynx?

pulmonary ventilation

The movement of air into and out of the lungs is referred to as:

cricoid cartilage

The most inferior cartilage of the larynx is the:

perpendicular plate - cartilage - palatine process - vomer

Which of the following is not part of the nasal septum?

septum

The hollow nasal cavity is separated by a midline partition called the:

air

Paranasal sinuses are normally filled with:

oropharynx

The anatomical division of the pharynx that is located behind the mouth from the soft palate to above the level of the hyoid bone us called the

bronchioles

The smallest branches of the bronchial tree are:

3

The right lung has ____ lobes

cardiac notch

This indentation is located medially on the left lung:

2

How many secondary bronchi are there in the left lung?

mandible - sphenoid - ethmoid - frontal - maxillae

Which of the following bones does not contain a paranasal sinus?

pharynx

When air leaves the posterior nares, it enters the:

bronchopulmonary segment

The portion of the lung tissue that the tertiary bronchi supply is called:

alveoli sacs

The terminal air sacs of the lungs are called:

epiglottis

The large leaf shaped cartilage of the larynx is called:

thyroid

The most superior piece of laryngeal cartilage is the:

lung

The principle organ of the respiratory system is:

lobar

Secondary bronchi are also called:

true - false

The root of the lung is made up of the bronchi, blood vessels and nerves:

FALSE - true - esophageal, aortic and IVC

The three openings in the diaphragm are: the esophageal; aortic and SVC;

TRUE - false

The pharynx serves as a passageway for both air and food

lateral

In relation to the heart, the lungs lie

3

The phrenic has ____ foramens

hilus or hilum

The vertical slit located medially on each lung is called:

base

Which part of the lung rests on the diaphragm?

TRUE - false

The right lung is divided into three lobes by horizontal and oblique fissures

segmental

Tertiary bronchi are also called;

FALSE - true - in the right

Aspirated objects tend to lodge in the left bronchus

TRUE - false

The sternal angle is where the manubrium meets the body of the sternum

bowman's capsule

The doubled walled cup of epithelial tissue found in the urinary system is called:

supine

When a body is placed with the anterior surface facing superiorly, it is placed in a ____position.

2 ureteral openings and 1 internal urethral opening

The three openings that lead into the urinary bladder are:

urethra

The terminal portion of the urinary system is the:

3, 5, 1

Put in order - 1. renal fascia 2. renal medulla 3. renal capsule 4. renal cortex 5. adipose capsule

glottis

The opening between the pharynx and larynx is the

on the medial surface

Where is the hilus of the kidney located?

thoracic-abdominal

Which of the following cavities does the phrenic separate?

glomerulus

A cluster of capillaries within a nephron is referred to as a(n)

nasopharynx

Upon exhalation, air leaving the larynx will next pass through the:

11 & 12

The kidneys are partially protected by ribs:

renal medulla

The deep reddish brown region of the internal anatomy of the kidney is the:

subject is in a supine position

Which does NOT apply to the anatomical position? 1.subject is in a supine position 2.upper extremities are at the sides 3.subject is facing the observer 4.subject is facing the observer 5.subject is standing erect 6.thumbs are pointing away from the body

topographical anatomy

The study of anatomy with emphasis on superficial landmarks is termed:

internal respiration

The exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells is called:

right and left portions

The sagittal plane divides the body into:

nephron

The functional unit of the kidney is referred to as the:

Urinary bladder

The organ of the urinary system that acts as a reservoir:

pathological anatomy

The branch of anatomy that studies structural changes in the body as a result of disease is called:

Urethra

The tube that leads from the floor of the urinary bladder to the exterior of the body is called:

anatomy

The science that deals with the structure of the body is referred to as:

glomerulus

The tuft of capillaries that is surrounded by a double walled epithelial cup is called:

I, III

Which of the following study the structures of the body without the use of a microscope? I. gross anatomy II. histology III. macroscopic anatomy IV. cytology V. microscopic anatomy

renal pyramids

Located within the renal medulla are cone shaped structures called:

ureter

The function of these structures is to transport urine from the renal pelvis to the place where it is be stored prior to micturition

medial

A term in descriptive human anatomy that means toward the midline of the body:

trigone

The shape of the floor of the urinary bladder is referred to as being:

collecting duct

This duct takes the urine that has been formed within the nephron and drains it into the minor calyces:

posterior wall of the urinary bladder

Where do the ureters terminate?

TRUE - false

Transitional epithelium is found only in the urinary bladder.

FALSE - true

In the male the urinary bladder lies posterior to the rectum.

spongy urethra

When the urethra passes through the corpus spongiosum of the penis, it is referred to as:

TRUE - false

In the male, the urethra serves a dual purpose.

lateral

A term in descriptive human anatomy that means away from the midline of the body:

collecting duct, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra

Choose the correct pathway for the drainage of urine:

proximal

A term in descriptive anatomy that means away from the feet

pharynx

When air leaves the posterior nares, it enters the:

primary bronchi

Which structures results from the bifurcation of the trachea?

external respiration

The exchange of gases between the air sacs of the lungs and the pulmonary capillaries of the blood vascular system

larynx

The passageway that connects the pharynx with the trachea

cricoid

The most inferior cartilage of the larynx is the:

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