The fertile, crescent-shaped land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
rich, fertile soil deposited by the flooding of a river
an amount (food, money, etc.) that is more than what is needed
A region of city-states in Mesopotamia that was home to the first civilization, with the first walled cities.
A city and its surrounding lands ; an independent political unit
the belief in many gods or goddesses
wedge-shaped writing instrument made from the reed plant
a system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper
A way of supplying water to an area of land
land with different territories and peoples under a single ruler
Akkadian ruler, He had the first permanent army
They conquered Mesopotamia after Sargon and created a code of law.
282 laws which contained some ideas still found in laws today. ex. eye for an eye justice
a wheeled, horse-drawn cart, which allowed them to move quickly around the battlefield
He rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city that had the famous Hanging Gardens.
division of labor
When workers specialize in particular tasks
the division of society by rank or class
1 Kings 2 Priests 3 Skilled craftspeople, merchants, and traders 4. Large working class of farmers and laborers 5 Slaves
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
the wheel, plow, Sewers under city streets, Math and science, Number system based on 60 (minutes), medicines for healing, pottery
pyramid-shaped temple tower
ruler of a kingdom or empire
the first to master ironworking, so they made the strongest weapons of the time
Sailed trading ships around the Mediterranean Sea; their alphabet is the basis for the English language