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Workbook questions and quiz questions

Schizophrenia

Thought disorders are associated with?

Schizophrenia

Hypoactive DLPFC (dorsolateral prefontal cortex) with decreased blood flow lowers GABA, which is the inhibitory neurotransmitter for this disorder.

Depression

Unremitting feelings of sadness and despair

Mania

Feelings of gradiosity

Mania

Task Distranction

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Triggering Cues

Generalized anxiety disorder

Excessive worry

Schizophrenia

Exhibit happiness when recalling a terrible event

Depression

Unable to express pleasure

Mania

Elevated levels of brain serotonin

Depression

Deficit in brain norepinephrine

Panic Disorder

Intense autonomic arousal

Schizophrenia

Neurodevelopmental defects

Schizophrenia

Elevated dopaminergic transmission

Depression

Deficit in brain serotonin

Schizophrenia

Ventricular enlargement

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Decreased serotonin synthesis in prefrontal cortex

Depression

Elevated levels of cortisol

Panic Disorder

Difficult breathing

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Stimuli avoidance

Panic Disorder

Racing heart

Generalized anxiety disorder
Panic Disorder

GABA-benzodiasepine receptor disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Flashbacks

Panic Disorder

Biofeedback therapy

Schizophrenia

Psychotic episode

C. Disruption of thoughts

Which of the following BEST describes schizophrenia?

A. Positive personality
B. Negative personality
C. Disruption of thoughts
D. Constant hallucinations

D. Concordance between siblings is 15%.

Which of the following is a TRUE statement regarding the epidemiology of schizophrenia?

A. If a mother has twins, both twins will have schizophrenia 100% of the time.
B. Ten percent of the general population will have schizophrenia.
C. It is a simple genetic transmission.
D. Concordance between siblings is 15%.

A. Schizophrenia may result from neurodevelopmental defects.

A schizophrenic woman becomes pregnant. Which of the following is a TRUE statement regarding her offspring?

A. Schizophrenia may result from neurodevelopmental defects.
B. Research does not indicate any environmental involvement in schizophrenia.
C. An early brain effect manifests immediately.
D. There are no suspected alterations in brain structure.

C. Decreased glutamic acid decarboxylase

A. Schizophrenia may result from neurodevelopmental defects.

A. Levodopa
Drugs that increase dopamine transmission such as levodopa, cocaine, and amphetamine may produce psychosis at high doses. Traditional antipsychotic drugs have a high affinity for dopamine receptors, including chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, and haloperidol, and reduce psychotic states.

Which of the following drugs may actually cause psychosis at high doses?

A. Levodopa
B. Chlorpromazine
C. Fluphenazine
D. Haloperidol

B. Increased secretion of dopamine may contribute to positive symptoms.
Increased secretion of dopamine may contribute to positive symptoms. Negative symptoms may result from decreased dopaminergic transmission. Learning and memory are related to glutamic acid. Decreased concentrations of glutamic acid have been found in the CSF of schizophrenic individuals.

Which of the following is a TRUE statement regarding dopamine in relation to schizophrenia?

A. Negative symptoms result from increased dopaminergic transmission.
B. Increased secretion of dopamine may contribute to positive symptoms.
C. It is involved in learning and memory.
D. It is found in increased concentrations in CSF.

D. Neutral symptoms

Which of the following is NOT one of the three dimensions of schizophrenia?

A. Psychotic symptoms
B. Negative symptoms
C. Disorganized symptoms
D. Neutral symptoms

D. Hallucination

A man states he is hearing voices instructing him to steal money from the church. This perception is which of the following?

A. Delusion
B. Disorganized speech
C. Disorganized behavior
D. Hallucination

C. Anhedonia

An individual suffering from schizophrenia is unable to experience emotions, especially pleasure. Which of the following terms describes this?

A. Alogia
B. Avolition
C. Anhedonia
D. Aphasia

A. It is a sustained emotional state.

Which of the following is a TRUE statement regarding a mood disorder?

A. It is a sustained emotional state.
B. It is a disruption of thought.
C. Lifetime prevalence rate for depression is 1%.
D. Two percent of those with major depression develop bipolar disorder.

B. Depression occurs with deficits in brain norepinephrine.
Depression has been noted with deficits in norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin

Which of the following is TRUE regarding mood disorders?

A. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system hormones are decreased in a large percentage of individuals with major depression.
B. Depression occurs with deficits in brain norepinephrine.
C. Environmental factors have no role in depression.
D. There is no genetic role in depression.

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