APUSH Terms Chapter 6

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3/5 Compromise

Compromise between northern and southern states. For representation purposes, five slaves counted as three voters.

Annapolis Convention

A meeting of 12 delagates from 5 states that identified the need for another convention in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation.

Antifederalist

A person opposed to the creation of a strong federal government and later the ratification of the Constitution.

Articles of Confederation

Plan that guarded the sovereignty of the states. Created a single legislative body; each state had one vote in Congress; no independent executive; denied Congress power of taxation. Approved in November 1777.

Benjamin Banneker

African American astronomer and mathemetician. Scientific accomplishments made it harder to maintain credibility that African Americans couldn't hold their own in a free society.

Bill of Rights

First ten ammendments to the Constitution. Added by Antifederalists to protect the rights of individuals.

Constitutional Convention

A meeting of 55 delagates from 12 states (Rhode Island did not participate) originally held to revise the Articles of Confederation. The new Constitution included a two-house legislature, an executive with the power to veto bills, and a Supreme Court.

Federalist Papers

A series of 85 articles promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution.

Federalist

A person who promoted a strong central government and the ratification of the Constitution.

Fugitive Slave Act of 1793

Northern states agreed that any runaway slaves would be returned to their masters.

Great Compromise

A compromise between large and small states. The number of representatives in one house of the legislature (House of Representatives) would be based on population. The other (Senate) would have an equal number of representatives from each state.

Imposts

Congress attempted to pass taxes on imports. Protested by the Southern states.

John Dickinson

Lawyer who headed the committee that drew up the plan for the Articles of Confederation. Wrote "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania."

Land Ordinance of 1785

Created an orderly system for forming towns in American territories. Several sections reserved for government uses, including public education.

Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania

Important revolutionary pamphlet written by John Dickinson

Manumission

Release of slaves from servitude.

Montesquieu

Believed that the larger a nation became, the less effective republicanism would be.

New Jersey Plan

Created in response to the Virginia Plan. Believed that each state should have equal representation in Congress.

Newburgh Conspiracy

Members of the Continental Army did not receive pay, causing unrest. George Washington generated sympathy and support for Congress, eliminating the unrest.

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Created the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory in the United States.

Northwest Territory

Territory between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River. Gained by the United States as part of the Treaty of Paris (1783)

Primogeniture and Entail

Colonial laws that allowed a landholder to pass his estate to his oldest son or decide that his property could never be divided, sold, or given away. Abolished by states after the Revolution.

Republicanism

A political culture in the Americas after the Revolution; establishment of a national government without monarchy or aristocracy; needed high degree of public morality and maintenance of popular virtue

Robert Morris

Served as the Superintendant of Finance from 1781 to 1784. Mixed public funds with personal accounts.

Shays's Rebellion

A group of impoverished Massachusetts farmers closed a courthouse and threatened to take the federal arsenal. Stopped by a Bostonian militia.

Virginia Plan

Plan proposed by James Madison. Believed that representation in Congress should be based on population.

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